Kakawahie Paroreomyza flammea


Justification of Red List Category
This species is known from the Hawaiian island of Moloka'i, USA, but is now Extinct, probably as a result of habitat destruction and introduced diseases. The last records date from 1961-1963, and a survey in 1979 failed to find the species.

Population justification
It was common in 1907, but declined rapidly afterwards and was rare by the 1930s (Gorresen et al. 2009), finally disappearing between 1961 and 1963 (Collar et al. 1994). Surveys from 1979 onwards have failed to locate the species (Gorresen et al. 2009).

Distribution and population

Paroreomyza flammea was endemic to Moloka'i, Hawaii, USA (Stattersfield et al. 1998). The last record was in the Kamako'u Preserve in 1961-1963 (Collar et al. 1994).


This species was an insectivore, foraging in wet `ohi`a forests above 500 m (USFWS 2003).


Its extinction was presumably due to habitat destruction and disease (Collar et al. 1994). It is not thought to have been collected for ornament (Amante-Helweg and Conant 2009).


Text account compilers
Harding, M., Mahood, S., Brooks, T., Khwaja, N.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Paroreomyza flammea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/11/2019.