Juan Fernandez Petrel Pterodroma externa


Au, D. W. K.; Pitman, R. L. 1986. Seabird interactions with dolphins and tuna in the eastern tropical Pacific. Condor 88: 304-317.

Ballance, L. T.; Pitman, R. L.; Reilly, S. B. 1997. Seabird community structure along a productivity gradient: importance of competition and energetic constraint. Ecology 78: 1502-1518.

Brooke, M. de L. 1987. The birds of the Juan Fernandez Islands, Chile. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Brooke, M. de L. 2004. Albatrosses and Petrels Across the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Carboneras, C. 1992. Procellariidae (Petrels and Shearwaters). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 216-257. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Hodum, P. 2009. Evaluación del estado de conservación de la fardela blanca de Juan Fernández (Pterodroma externa) y la fardela blanca de Másafuera (Pterodroma longirostris). Technical report for the Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF).

Hodum, P.; Wainstein, M. 2003. Biology and conservation of the Juan Fernández seabirds community. Technical report prepared for CONAF. 27 pp.

Howell, N. G. 2012. Petrels, Albatrosses, and Storm-Petrels of North America: A Photographic Guide. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.

Hulm, P., Thorsell, J. 1995. Robinson Crusoe's Islands face an uncertain future. Plant Talk 2: 19-21.

Patterson, R. M. 1996. RAOU records appraisal committee: opinions and case summaries 1992-1995. Submission no. 168. RAOU Report 101.

Reyes-Arriagada, R.; Hodum, P. J.; Schlatter, R. P. 2012. Nest site use in sympatric petrels of the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile: Juan Fernández Petrel (Pterodroma externa) and Stejneger’s Petrel (Pterodroma longirostris). Ornitología Neotropical 24: 73-82.

Schlatter, R.P. 1984. The Status and Conservation of Seabirds in Chile. In: Croxall, J.P.; Evans, P.G.H.; Schreiber, R.W. (ed.), Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds, pp. 261-269. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Stattersfield, A.J., Crosby, M.J., Long, A.J. and Wege, D.C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further resources

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Pterodroma externa. Downloaded from on 29/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 29/10/2020.