NT
Japanese Woodpigeon Columba janthina



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened B1ab(ii,iii,v);C1
2012 Near Threatened B1ab(ii,iii,v);C1
2008 Near Threatened B1a+b(iii,v); C1
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - shelf island
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,710,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as uncommon (Gibbs et al. 2001).

Trend justification: There are no data on population trends; however, the species is suspected to be in decline owing to habitat degradation and hunting.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
China (mainland) V Extant
Japan N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Japan Amami islands
Japan Aogashima island
Japan Chichijima islands
Japan Danjo islands
Japan Hachijojima island
Japan Hahajima islands
Japan Kanmurijima and Kutsujima islets
Japan Kazan-retto islands
Japan Kii Nagashima islets
Japan Koshikijima islands
Japan Kozushima island
Japan Mikurajima island
Japan Miyakejima island
Japan Mukojima islands
Japan Niijima and Shikinejima Islands
Japan Oki islands
Japan Okinoshima and Koyajima islets
Japan Oshima island
Japan Seinan islands
Japan Tokara islands
Japan Toshima island
Japan Tsushima islands
Japan Yaeyama islands
Japan Yakushima and Tanegashima islands
Japan Yambaru, northern Okinawa forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Columba janthina. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2019.