Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

Germi, F. 2005. Raptor migration in east Bali, Indonesia: observations from a bottleneck watch site. Forktail 21: 93-98.

Germi, F. and Waluyo, D. 2006. Additional information on the autumn migration of raptors in east Bali, Indonesia. Forktail 22: 71-76.

Germi, F., Young, G.S., Salim, A., Pangimangen, W. and Schellekens, M. 2009. Over-ocean raptor migration in a monsoon regime: spring and autumn 2007 on Sangihe, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Forktail 25: 104-116.

Gunawan, Paridi, A. and Noske, R. A. 2017. The use of social media in the illegal trade in Indonesian raptors. Kukila 20: 1-10.

Iqbal, M. 2016. Predators become prey! Can Indonesian raptors survive online bird trading? BirdingASIA 25: 30-35.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Kume, A., Tsuboi, N., Satomura, T., Suzuki, M., Chiwa, M., Nakane, K., Sakurai, N., Horikoshi, T. and Sakugawa, H. 2000. Physiological characteristics of Japanese red pine, Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc., in declined forests at Mt. Gokurakuji in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. Trees 14: 305-311.

Orta, J. and Marks, J. S. 2020. Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis), version 1.0. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D. A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Birds of the World, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY.

Ueta, M. 1997. Nesting-tree preference and nesting success of Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawks in Japan. Journal of Raptor Research 31(1): 86-88.

Ueta, M. and Hirano, T. 2006. Population decline of Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawks breeding in Tokyo and Utsunomiya, central Japan. Ornithological Science 5: 165-169.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Accipiter gularis. Downloaded from on 30/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 30/06/2022.