LC
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 10,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 57,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.4 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number > c.1,000,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 19,600-44,100 pairs, which equates to 39,300-88,200 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). In Europe the population size is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados V Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Cameroon V Extant
Canada V Extant
Central African Republic V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant
Montenegro N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger V Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Togo V Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Sweden Tavvavouma
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Kullaberg
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Lake Solgen
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Lake Östra Styran
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Poland Biebrza river valley
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Rumala-Kuvaja-Oudonrimmet
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland South-eastern Kittilä mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Russia (European) Zaonezh'ye
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Central Forest Biosphere Reserve and adjacent areas
Russia (European) Kumikushski wetland
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland
Russia (European) Kivach Nature Reserve
Spain Llobregat delta
Spain Ampurdán marshes
Russia (European) Kenozer'ye
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Domaine d'Orx
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Arjuzanx
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Brenne centrale
France Cap Gris-nez
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Plaine du Forez
United Kingdom Arun Valley
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Deben Estuary
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Inner Clyde
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Rutland Water
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Muirkirk and North Lowther Uplands
Italy Diaccia Botrona
Italy Migliarino-San Rossore
Italy Palude e Tombolo di Bolgheri
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Påkketan
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Lahn valley from Marburg to Wetzlar
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Eder alluvion
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Twiste reservior
Estonia Muraka
Estonia Puhatu mire
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Etang de Biguglia
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Marais de Manteyer
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Karamys lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lavandavil Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Russia (European) Bylinskaya
Germany Eder alluvion
Germany Wetterau
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Mietkow reservoir
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Kurpie Site
Armenia Amasia
Norway Varanger Peninsula
Norway Øvre Anárjohka
Norway Reisa
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Agusalu
Sweden Muddus
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Lymnocryptes minimus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2020.