Jabiru Jabiru mycteria


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 18,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 10,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 20000-85000 poor estimated 2011
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.15 - - -

Population justification: Wetlands International (2019) estimate the global population to number 20,000-85,000 mature individuals, while Partners in Flight (2019) estimate fewer than 50,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine. Wetlands International (2019) report stable trends for the population in central South America and unknown trends for the population in Central America and northern South America. Partners in Flight (2019) however list a small overall decline.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
El Salvador N Extant
French Guiana N Extant Yes
Grenada V Extant
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Guyana N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama V Extant
Paraguay N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Suriname N Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago V Extant
Uruguay V Extant
USA V Extant
Venezuela N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Nicaragua Prinzapolka/Alamikamba Rivers
Nicaragua Los Guatuzos
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate
Belize Northeastern Belize
Belize Crooked Tree and associated wetlands
Belize Belize Coastal and near shore islands
Paraguay Río Negro - Bajo Chaco
Paraguay Río Negro - Pantanal
Paraguay Parque Nacional Tinfunqué - Estero Patiño
Brazil Formoso do Araguaia
Honduras Rio Platano
Guyana Ireng River
Guyana Maparri - Kanuku Mountains
Guyana South Central Rupununi
Guyana North Rupununi - Karanambu Ranch
Guyana Crane Pond- Rupununi River
Colombia El Encanto de Guanapalo
Colombia Bojonawi
Mexico Pantanos de Centla
Mexico Laguna de Términos
Mexico Calakmul
Mexico Los Petenes
Mexico Sian Ka'an
Mexico Sur de Quintana Roo
Mexico Ría Celestún
Mexico Ichka' Ansijo
Mexico Ría Lagartos
Mexico Yum Balam
Mexico Humedales Costeros del Norte de la Península de Yucatán
Colombia La Aurora
Colombia Riberas de la Cuenca Baja del Río Inírida
Colombia Santuario de Fauna y Flora Los Colorados

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded major non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Jabiru mycteria. Downloaded from on 30/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 30/06/2022.