Iris Lorikeet Psitteuteles iris


Justification of Red List Category
This poorly known species has a moderately small population, and it is likely to be in decline owing to trapping and habitat loss; it therefore qualifies as Near Threatened.

Population justification
The global population size has apparently not been formally quantified, but the species is described as locally common at higher elevations, and its population may be in the region of 10,000 individuals, roughly equivalent to 6,600-6,700 mature individuals.

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends; however, the species is suspected to be in decline owing to trapping and habitat degradation.

Distribution and population

Psitteuteles iris is restricted to Timor and Wetar, Indonesia and Timor-Leste (BirdLife International 2001, Mauro 2003). It is reported to be not uncommon on Timor-Leste, it still survives in reasonable numbers in West Timor and it is, or at least once was, locally not uncommon on Wetar. It was, nevertheless, judged to be the least common of the three species of lorikeet on Timor in 1995.


It occurs in monsoon forest, woodland, plantations and agricultural land with flowering trees, ranging up to 1,500 m (Juniper and Parr 1998), but is also found in open eucalypt savanna.


It is subject to unknown levels of trapping for the bird trade and is also likely to be affected by on-going forest loss.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess population size. Investigate the extent of trapping and take appropriate measures, including the use of awareness campaigns, to address these issues. Regularly monitor at certain sites throughout its range to determine population trends. Protect significant areas of suitable forest on both islands where it occurs.


Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Collar, N., Crosby, M., Mahood, S., Taylor, J., Tobias, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Psitteuteles iris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020.