Indian Cuckooshrike Coracina macei


Taxonomic note
Indian Cuckooshrike Coracina macei (del Hoyo & Collar 2016) previously included six races now assigned to Large Cuckooshrike C. javensis (del Hoyo & Collar 2016), and was previously assigned the common name 'Large Cuckooshrike'. Differs from C. javensis in its barring on lower breast and belly in male (3); barring on entire underparts up to chin in female (vague in other taxa, which in any case have grey chin to breast) (2); seemingly smaller than all other taxa (at least 1); and different voice (assuming that unsampled layardi resembles nominate), reaching higher frequencies (at least 2) and having a predominately rising note shape vs fairly flat or up-and-down plateau (1) (P. Boesman in litt. 2016). As such, Indian Cuckooshrike C. macei is recognised with the subspecies C. m. macei and C. m. layardi.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,300,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 13-25 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 13-25 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as fairly common to common in India and Sri Lanka (del Hoyo et al. 2005). However, it is believed to be declining at a moderate rate (State of India's Birds 2020), and further quantification of this rate is required.

Trend justification:

The species is tentatively assessed as being in decline due to habitat loss per Tracewski et al. (2016) and high hunting pressure.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
India N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Coracina macei. Downloaded from on 06/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/12/2022.