Imperial Woodpecker Campephilus imperialis

Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)

Authority: (Gould, 1832)

Red List Category

Criteria: D

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Justification of Red List category
This species has not been recorded with certainty since 1956, and extensive habitat destruction and fragmentation combined with hunting may well have driven the species to extinction. Extensive and prolonged searches within its former range (often following up on anecdotal reports) have failed to confirm the persistence of any individuals. Thorough mapping and analysis of remaining habitat has been conducted and the results do not provide much hope that any population has been able to survive. However, it cannot yet be presumed to be Extinct as the degree to which individuals can utilise sub-optimal regenerating forest is unknown, and it remains possible that some individuals survive. Any remaining population is likely to be tiny, and for these reasons it is treated as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct).

Population size: 1-49

Population trend: Unknown

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 1 km2

Country endemic: Yes

Land-mass type - continent
Realm - Nearctic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Campephilus imperialis. Downloaded from on 28/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/11/2022.