Imperial Shag Leucocarbo atriceps


Bó, M.S.; Copello, S. 2000. Distribution and abundance of breeding birds at Deception Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, February to April 2000. Marine Ornithology 29(39-42).

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Delany, S.; Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Frixione, M.G. 2010. The Imperial Shag (Phalacrocorax atriceps) in the Nahuel Huapi lake (northwestern Patagonia, Argentina): Distribution, abundance, and potential threats from scavenging birds. Hornero 25(2): 61-65.

Green, K.; Woehler, E. J.; Copley, P. B.; Jones, R. T. 1998. A review of the population status of the Heard Island Cormorant Phalacrocorax nivalis. Marine Ornithology 26: 69-74.

Orta, J.; Garcia, E.F.J.; Christie, D.A.; Jutglar, F.; Kirwan, G.M. 2018. Imperial Shag (Phalacrocorax atriceps). Barcelona Available at: (Accessed: 09.08.2018).

Further resources

IUCN SSC Cormorant Specialist Group

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Leucocarbo atriceps. Downloaded from on 05/12/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/12/2021.