Imperial Amazon Amazona imperialis


Bender, M. A.; Knutson, T. R.; Tuleya, R. E.; Sirutis, J. J.; Vecchi, G. A.; Garner, S. T.; Held, I. A. 2010. Modeled Impact of Anthropogenic Warming on the Frequency of Intense Atlantic Hurricanes. Science 22: 454-458.

Collar, N. J. 1997. Psittacidae (Parrots). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 280-477. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Collar, N.; Boesman, P.; Kirwan, G. M. 2019. Imperial Amazon (Amazona imperialis). Barcelona, Spain Available at: (Accessed: 12/02/2019).

Cox, L.; Oltermann, P. 2018. 'A legitimate zoo?’ How an obscure German group cornered global trade in endangered parrots. Available at:

Evans, P. G. H. 1991. Status and conservation of Imperial and Red-necked Parrots Amazona imperialis and A. arausiaca on Dominica. Bird Conservation International 1: 11-32.

Global Forest Watch. 2018. Interactive Forest Change Mapping Tool. Available at:

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Knutson, T. R.; McBride, J. L.; Chan, J.; Emanuel, K.; Holland, G.; Landsea, C.; Held, I.; Kossin, J. P.; Srivastava, A. K.; Sugi, M. 2010. Tropical cyclones and climate change. Nature Geoscience 3: 157-163.

Palmer, C. A.; Martin, T. E.; Durand, S.; Lamont, M. 2018. First observations of the impacts of Hurricane Maria on the endemic Imperial Amazon. Oryx 52: 410-411.

Raffaele, H.; Wiley, J.; Garrido, O.; Keith, A.; Raffaele, J. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London.

Reillo, P. R. 2001. Imperial recovery: Dominica's flagship parrot on the comeback. PsittaScene 13: 4-6.

Reillo, P. R. 2019. Saving Dominica's parrots in a changed world. Hemisphere 28: 18-21.

Reillo, P. R.; Durand, S. 2008. Parrot conservation on Dominica: successes, challenges, and technological innovations. Journal of Caribbean Ornithology 21(1): 52-58.

Reillo, P. R.; Durand, S.; Burton, M. 2011. First captive breeding of the Imperial Parrot (Amazona imperialis). Zoo Biology 30: 328-341.

Snyder, N.; McGowan, P.; Gilardi, J.; Grajal, A. 2000. Parrots: status survey and conservation action plan 2000-2004. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Wiley, J.W.; Gnam, R.S.; Koenig, S.E.; Dornelly, A.; Galvez, X.; Bradley, P.E.; White, T.; Zamore, M.; Reillo, P. R.; Anthony, D. 2004. Status and conservation of the family Psittacidae in the West Indies. Journal of Caribbean Ornithology 17(Special issue): 94-154.

Zamore, M. P.; Durand, S. 1998. Status and conservation of the Amazon parrots of the Commonwealth of Dominica.

Further resources

Detailed species account from the Threatened birds of the Americas: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 1992). Please note, taxonomic treatment and IUCN Red List category may have changed since publication.

Recuento detallado de la especie tomado del libro Aves Amenazadas de las Americas, Libro Rojo de BirdLife International (BirdLife International 1992). Nota: la taxonomoía y la categoría de la Lista Roja de la UICN pudo haber cambiado desde esta publicación.

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Amazona imperialis. Downloaded from on 22/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/09/2023.