Iiwi Drepanis coccinea


Berger, A. J. 1972. Hawaiian birdlife. University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu.

Fortini, L.B., Vorsino, A.E., Amidon, F.A., Paxton, E.H., Jacobi, J.D. 2015. Large-Scale Range Collapse of Hawaiian Forest Birds under Climate Change and the Need 21st Century Conservation Options. PLoS ONE 10(10): 1-22.

Freed, L. A., Cann, R. L., Goff, M. L., Kuntz, W. A., Bodner, G. R. 2005. Increase in avian malaria at upper elevation in Hawai'i. Condor 107: 753-764.

Freed, L. A., Medeiros, M. C. and Bodner, G. R. 2008. Explosive increase in ectoparasites in Hawaiian forest birds. Journal of Parasitology 94(5): 1009-1021.

Jacobi, J. D.; Atkinson, C. T. 1995. Hawaii's endemic birds. In: LaRoe, E.T. (ed.), Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of US plants, animals, and ecosystems, pp. 376-381. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, D.C.

Knowlton, J. L., Flaspohler, D. J., Mcinerney, N. C. R., and Fleischer, R. C. 2014. First Record of Hybridization in the Hawaiian Honeycreepers: Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea) Apapane (Himatione sanguinea). Wilson J. Ornithol. 126(3): 562–568.

LaPointe, D. A. 2006. Feral pigs, introduced mosquitoes, and the decline of Hawai'I's native birds.

Paxton, E.B., Camp, R.J., Gorresen, M., Crampton, L.H., Leonard, D.L., VanderWerf, E.A. In press. Collapsing avian community on a Hawaiian Island. Science Advances.

Scott, J.M., Mountainspring, S., Ramsey, F.L. and Kepler, C.B. 1986. Forest bird communities of the Hawaiian Islands: their dynamics, ecology, and conservation. Cooper Ornithological Society, California.

VanderWerf, E.A. 2012. Hawaiian Bird Conservation Action Plan. Pacific Rim Conservation, Honolulu, HI.

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Media resources
Arkive species - Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea) 0

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Drepanis coccinea. Downloaded from on 18/07/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/07/2018.