Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 13,200,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 6,350,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 8000000-15999999 mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing - suspected -
Generation length 4 years - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 3,720,000-6,500,000 pairs, which equates to 7,440,000-13,000,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms 85% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 8,750,000-15,300,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline in part owing to competition from H. polyglotta in the west of the range (del Hoyo et al. 2006). In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native
Angola extant native
Austria extant native yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahrain extant vagrant yes
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native yes
Botswana extant native
Bulgaria extant native yes
Cameroon extant vagrant
Central African Republic extant vagrant
Chad extant native
Congo extant native
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native
Côte d'Ivoire extant vagrant
Croatia extant native yes
Cyprus extant native
Czechia extant native yes
Denmark extant native yes yes
Egypt extant native
Eritrea extant native
Estonia extant native yes
Eswatini extant native
Ethiopia extant native
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) extant vagrant
Finland extant native yes
France extant native yes
Gabon extant native
Germany extant native yes
Ghana extant vagrant
Gibraltar (to UK) extant vagrant
Greece extant native yes
Guinea-Bissau extant vagrant
Hungary extant native yes
Iceland extant vagrant
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes
Ireland extant native
Israel extant native
Italy extant native yes yes
Jordan extant native yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant native yes
Latvia extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes
Libya extant native
Liechtenstein extant native yes
Lithuania extant native yes
Luxembourg extant native yes
Malawi extant native
Mali extant native
Malta extant native
Mauritania extant native
Moldova extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant vagrant
Mozambique extant native
Namibia extant native
Netherlands extant native yes
Niger extant vagrant
Nigeria extant native
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant native yes
Oman extant vagrant yes
Palestine extant native yes
Poland extant native yes
Portugal extant vagrant
Qatar extant vagrant
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant native yes
Rwanda extant native
Saudi Arabia extant native yes
Serbia extant native yes
Seychelles extant vagrant
Slovakia extant native yes
Slovenia extant native yes
Somalia extant vagrant
South Africa extant native
Spain extant native
Sudan extant native yes
Sweden extant native yes
Switzerland extant native yes
Syria extant native yes
Tajikistan extant vagrant
Tanzania extant native
Togo extant vagrant
Tunisia extant native
Türkiye extant native yes
Uganda extant native
Ukraine extant native yes
United Arab Emirates extant vagrant yes
United Kingdom extant native yes
Yemen extant vagrant yes
Zambia extant native
Zimbabwe extant native

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Hippolais icterina. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.