Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,920,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,860,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 77000 poor estimated 2016
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.55 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 77,000 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2020).

Trend justification: The species is suspected to be decreasing, although some populations may be stable (Partners in Flight 2020; Wetlands International 2020).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) V Extant Yes
Antigua and Barbuda V Extant Yes
Argentina N Extant Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Australia V Extant
Bahamas V Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Belize V Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant Yes
Bolivia V Extant Yes Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Chile N Extant Yes
Costa Rica V Extant Yes
Cuba V Extant Yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Dominica V Extant Yes
Dominican Republic V Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) V Extant Yes
Fiji V Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) V Extant Yes
Guatemala V Extant Yes
Marshall Islands V Extant
Martinique (to France) V Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
New Zealand V Extant
Panama V Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant Yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
South Africa V Extant
St Lucia V Extant Yes
St Martin (to France) V Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) V Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) V Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Chile Quemchi Aucar
Chile Bahía Lomas
Chile Isla Grande de Chiloé
Canada Churchill and Vicinity
Canada Kaskattama River Mouth
Canada Oak Hammock Marsh WMA
Canada Albany River Estuary and Assoc. Coastline
Canada Cape Henrietta Maria
Canada Shagamu River and Area
Canada Netitishi Point
Canada North Point
Canada Big Piskwanish Point
Canada Pen Islands
Canada Lagune du Havre aux Basques et plage de l'Ouest
Canada Barre de Portneuf
Canada Quill Lakes
Canada Luck Lake
Canada Buffer Lake
Canada Porter Lake
Canada Nares Lake
Argentina Bahía Samborombón
Argentina San Antonio Oeste
Uruguay Penino Beach and Santa Lucía Wetlands
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste
Paraguay Lagunas Saladas - Riacho Yacaré
Argentina Albufera de Mar Chiquita
Brazil Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe
Argentina Reserva Costa Atlántica de Tierra del Fuego y zonas adyacentes
Chile Bahía de Quinchao
Chile Estuario de Maullín y Cerro Amortajado
Chile Desembocadura del Río Chamiza,Coihuin-Pelluco
Chile Lenqui
Chile Sistema Quetalmahue, Quilo y Mar Brava
Chile Santuario de las Aves Bahía de Caulín
Chile Bahía de Putemun
Chile Playa de Pullao
Chile Bahía Lomas
USA Susitna Flats
USA Carter Bay
Chile Bahía Curaco de Vélez
Chile Estero Compu
Chile Estero Huildad
Chile Bahía de Yaldad
Chile Bahía de Quellón
Chile Marisma Buque Quemado
Chile Bahía de Chullec
Chile Sistema de Bahías TenTen Castro
Chile Chacao
Chile Bahía Rilán
USA Goodnews Bay
Chile Pudeto-Quempillén

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Altitude 0 - 2700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Marine & freshwater aquaculture - Industrial aquaculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) No decline Low Impact: 4
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Nutrient loads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects
Pollution Industrial & military effluents - Oil spills Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 3
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Limosa haemastica. Downloaded from on 17/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/08/2022.