Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,920,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,860,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 77000 poor estimated 2016
Population trend decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.55 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 77,000 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2020).

Trend justification: The species is suspected to be decreasing, although some populations may be stable (Partners in Flight 2020; Wetlands International 2020).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) extant vagrant yes
Antigua and Barbuda extant vagrant yes
Argentina extant native yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) extant native yes
Australia extant vagrant
Bahamas extant vagrant yes
Barbados extant native yes
Belize extant vagrant yes
Bermuda (to UK) extant vagrant yes
Bolivia extant vagrant yes yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
Brazil extant native yes
Canada extant native yes yes
Chile extant native yes
Costa Rica extant vagrant yes
Cuba extant vagrant yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) extant native yes
Denmark extant vagrant
Dominica extant vagrant yes
Dominican Republic extant vagrant yes
Ecuador extant native yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) extant vagrant yes
Fiji extant vagrant
Guadeloupe (to France) extant vagrant yes
Guatemala extant vagrant yes
Marshall Islands extant vagrant
Martinique (to France) extant vagrant yes
Mexico extant native yes
New Zealand extant vagrant
Panama extant vagrant yes
Paraguay extant native yes
Peru extant native yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) extant vagrant yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
South Africa extant vagrant
St Lucia extant vagrant yes
St Martin (to France) extant vagrant yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) extant vagrant yes
Trinidad and Tobago extant native yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) extant vagrant yes
United Kingdom extant vagrant
Uruguay extant native yes
USA extant native yes yes
Venezuela extant native yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) extant vagrant yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Reserva Costa Atlántica de Tierra del Fuego y zonas adyacentes
Argentina San Antonio Oeste
Canada Albany River Estuary and Assoc. Coastline
Canada Big Piskwanish Point
Canada Cape Henrietta Maria
Canada Kaskattama River Mouth
Canada Luck Lake
Canada North Point
Canada Oak Hammock Marsh WMA
Canada Pen Islands
Canada Porter Lake
Canada Quill Lakes
Canada Shagamu River and Area
Chile Bahía Curaco de Vélez
Chile Bahía de Chullec
Chile Bahía de Putemun
Chile Bahía de Quellón
Chile Bahía de Quinchao
Chile Bahía de Yaldad
Chile Bahía Lomas
Chile Bahía Lomas
Chile Bahía Rilán
Chile Chacao
Chile Desembocadura del Río Chamiza,Coihuin-Pelluco
Chile Estero Compu
Chile Estero Huildad
Chile Estuario de Maullín y Cerro Amortajado
Chile Isla Grande de Chiloé
Chile Lenqui
Chile Marisma Buque Quemado
Chile Playa de Pullao
Chile Pudeto-Quempillén
Chile Quemchi Aucar
Chile Santuario de las Aves Bahía de Caulín
Chile Sistema de Bahías TenTen Castro
Chile Sistema Quetalmahue, Quilo y Mar Brava
USA Carter Bay
USA Susitna Flats

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Altitude 0 - 2700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Marine & freshwater aquaculture - Industrial aquaculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) No decline Low Impact: 4
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Nutrient loads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects
Pollution Industrial & military effluents - Oil spills Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 3
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Limosa haemastica. Downloaded from on 06/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/06/2023.