LC
Horsfield's Bushlark Mirafra javanica



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Mirafra javanica (Christidis and Boles [2008]; Sibley and Monroe [1990, 1993]) and M. cantillans (Dowsett and Forbes-Watson [1993]; Sibley and Monroe [1990, 1993]) have been lumped into M. javanica following del Hoyo and Collar (2016).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status nomadic Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 23 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 73,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 74,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Australia N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cambodia N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Indonesia N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Papua New Guinea N Extant Yes
Philippines N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant Yes
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Mirafra javanica. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/12/2019.