Justification of Red List Category
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).
The species is suspected to be increasing since it readily adapts to man-made habitats such as gardens and cultivated areas. Its range has recently expanded to include espirito Santo, probably due to deforestation (del Hoyo et al. 1999).
Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J.
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Heliactin bilophus. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/horned-sungem-heliactin-bilophus on 07/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 07/06/2023.