Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus


Allan, D. G. 2015. Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus. In: Taylor, M. R.; Peacock, F.; Wanless, R. M. (ed.), The 2015 Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, pp. 58-60. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Barlow, C.R. and Fulford, T. 2013. Road counts of Hooded Vultures Necrosyrtes monachus over seven months in and around Banjul, coastal Gambia, in 2005. Malimbus 35(1): 50-56.

Botha, A.J., Ogada, D.L. and Virani, M.Z. 2012. Proceedings of the Pan-African Vulture Summit. Endangered Wildlife Trust, Modderfontein, South Africa and The Peregrine Fund, Boise, ID.

Brown, C. J.; Simmons, R. E. 2015. Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus. In: Simmons, R. E.; Brown, C. J.; Kemper, J. (ed.), Birds to watch in Namibia: red, rare and endemic species, pp. 100-101. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Namibia Nature Foundation.

Buij, R., Nikolaus, G., Whytock, R., Ingram, D.J. and Ogada, D. 2015. Trade of threatened vultures and other raptors for fetish and bushmeat in West and Central Africa. Oryx FirstView Article(

Jallow, M.; Barlow, C. R.; Sanyang, L.; Dibba, L.; Kendall, C.; Bechard, M.; Bildstein, K. L. 2016. High population density of the critically endangered Hooded Vulture Necrosytes monachus in Western Region, The Gambia, confirmed by road surveys in 2013 and 2015. Malimbus 38: 23-28.

McKean, S., Mander, M., Diederichs, N., Ntuli, L., Mavundla, K., Williams, V. and Wakelin, J. 2013. The impact of traditional use on vultures in South Africa. Vulture News 65: 15-36.

Monadjem, A.; Wolter, K.; Neser, W.; Bildstein, K. 2016. Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus and African White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus nesting at the Olifants River Private Nature Reserve, Limpopo province, South Africa. Ostrich 87: 113-117.

Ogada, D., Shaw, P., Beyers, R.L., Buij, R., Murn, C., Thiollay, J.M., Beale, C.M., Holdo, R.M., Pomeroy, D., Baker, N., Krüger, S.C., Botha, A., Virani, M.Z., Monadjem, A. and Sinclair, A.R.E. 2016. Another Continental Vulture Crisis: Africa’s Vultures Collapsing toward Extinction. Conservation Letters 9: 89-97.

Otieno, P. O.; Lalah, J. O.; Virani, M., Jondiko, I. O.; Schramm, K. 2010. Carbofuran and its toxic metabolites provide forensic evidence for Furadan exposure in vultures (Gyps africanus) in Kenya. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 84: 536-544.

Pomeroy, D., Kaphub, G., Nalwangac, D., Ssemmandad, R., Lotukb, B., Opetob, A. and Matsikob, M. 2012. Counting vultures at provisioned carcasses in Uganda. Vulture News 62: 25-32.

Roxburgh, L. and McDougall, R. 2012. Vulture poisoning incidents and the status of vultures in Zambia and Malawi. Vulture News 62: 33-39.

Saidu, Y. and Buij. R. 2013. Traditional medicine trade in vulture parts in northern Nigeria. Vulture News 65: 4-14.

Smalley, M. 2016. Hooded Vultures Necrosyrtes monachus in Fajara, coastal area of The Gambia, between 1978 and 1981. Malimbus 38: 10-14.

Virani, M.; Kendall, C.; Njoroge, P.; Thomsett, S. 2011. Major declines in the abundance of vultures and other scavenging raptors in and around the Masai Mara ecosystem, Kenya. Biological Conservation 144: 746-752.

WCS. 2016. Nationally Threatened Species for Uganda.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Vulture Specialist Group

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Necrosyrtes monachus. Downloaded from on 11/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 11/07/2020.