VU
Hispaniolan Parakeet Psittacara chloropterus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Psittacara chloropterus (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Aratinga as A. chloroptera.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - C2a(i)

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Vulnerable C2a(i)
2016 Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,v); C2a(i)
2012 Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,v);C2a(i)
2008 Vulnerable B1a+b(i,ii,iii,v); C2a(i)
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 146 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 63,700 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1500-7000 poor estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 1-19 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 1-19 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.59 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number 2,500-9,999 individuals based on an assessment of known records, descriptions of abundance and range size. This is consistent with recorded population density estimates for congeners or close relatives with a similar body size, and the fact that only a proportion of the estimated Extent of Occurrence is likely to be occupied. This estimate is equivalent to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals. Populations in urban refuges, such as Santo Domingo (Luna et al. 2018), are however thought to be becoming increasingly significant and should such populations be accurately quantified, it may result in a larger population estimate.

Trend justification: There are no new data on population trends; however, the species is inferred to be in decline at a slow to moderate rate owing to hunting, trapping and habitat loss (S. Marsden in litt. 2017). Populations may however, be growing in urban refuges, such as Santo Domingo (Luna et al. 2018) and offsetting population declines in the species's natural habitat; further research is required to quantify such trends.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Dominican Republic N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) I Extant Yes
Haiti N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extinct Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Dominican Republic Eastern Bahoruco
Dominican Republic Sierra de Bahoruco National Park
Dominican Republic Parque Nacional Montaña La Humeadora
Dominican Republic Nalga de Maco-Río Limpio
Dominican Republic Jaragua National Park
Dominican Republic Sierra de Neyba
Dominican Republic Sierra Martin Garcia National Park
Dominican Republic Armando Bermudez National Park
Dominican Republic Cabral Lagoon
Dominican Republic Loma Quita Espuela
Dominican Republic Cotubanamá
Dominican Republic Ebano Verde Scientific Reserve
Dominican Republic Parque Nacional Dr Juan Bautista Pérez Rancier (Valle Nuevo)
Haiti Aux Diablotins
Haiti Aux Cornichons
Haiti Citadelle - Sans Souci - Ramier
Haiti Trou Caïman
Haiti Massif de la Selle
Haiti Massif de la Hotte
Haiti Lac Azuéi
Haiti Morne Bailly
Haiti Baie de l'Acul / Chouchou
Haiti Plaissance
Haiti Lac Azuéi - Trou Caiman
Haiti Citadelle - Grottes Dondon
Haiti Parc National Naturel La Visite

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land marginal resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas marginal resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Psittacara chloropterus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/06/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/06/2021.