Justification of Red List Category
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as often quite common locally (Gibbs et al. 2001). National population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in China; < c.10,000 breeding pairs in Korea and < c.10,000 breeding pairs in Russia (Brazil 2009).
The population size is suspected to be decreasing owing to competition with Columba livia; declines have been recorded in Mongolia (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
Text account compilers
Ekstrom, J., Butchart, S.
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Columba rupestris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/02/2023.