Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. In prep.. European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Carvaggi, A., Irwin, S., Lusby, J., Ruddock, M., Mee, A., Nagle, T., O'Toole, L., O'Neill, S. and O'Halloran, J. 2019. Anthropogenic pressures within the breeding range of the Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus in Ireland. Bird Study 66(4): 461-470.

Fernandez-Bellon, D., Lusby, J., Bos, J., Schaub, T., McCarthy, A., Caravaggi, A., Irwin, S. and O'Halloran, J. 2020. Expert knowledge assessment of threats and conservation strategies for breeding Hen Harrier and Short-eared Owl across Europe. Bird Conservation International: 1-18.

Fielding, A., Haworth, P., Whitfield, P., McLeod, D. and Riley, H. 2011. A Conservation Framework for Hen Harriers in the United Kingdom. JNCC Report 441. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.

Global Raptor Information Network. 2015. Species account: Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus. Available at: (Accessed: 06/07/2015).

Hagemeijer, E.J.M. and Blair, M.J. 1997. The EBCC atlas of European breeding birds: their distribution and abundance. T. and A.D. Poyser, London.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Keller, V., Herrando, S., Vo?íšek, P., Franch, M., Kipson, M., Milanesi, P., Martí, D., Anton, M., Klva?ová, A., Kalyakin, M.V., Bauer, H.-G. and Foppen, R.P.B. 2020. European Breeding Bird Atlas 2: Distribution, Abundance and Change. European Bird Census Council & Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

O'Donoghue, B. G. 2020. Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus ecology and conservation during the non-breeding season in Ireland. Bird Study 67(3): 344-359.

Pitches, A. 2013. England's Hen Harriers: extinct in 2013? British Birds 106(1): 3.

RSPB. 2020. Final Report on the Hen Harrier LIFE Project.

Tucker, G.M. and Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: Their Conservation Status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further resources

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources
Euro Bird Portal

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Circus cyaneus. Downloaded from on 22/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/03/2023.