LC
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass 429 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 30,700,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 9000000-19999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number c.1,480,000-2,920,000 pairs, which equates to 2,950,000-5,830,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 30% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is c. 9,800,000-19,400,000 mature individuals although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population is therefore placed in the band 9,000,000-19,999,999 mature individuals. In addition, national population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Japan and c.100,000-1 million breeding pairs in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be declining owing to habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 1994). Local extinctions have been recorded in parts of China and Mongolia as a result of forest loss (Madge and McGowan 2002). Within the species's European range the population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015, EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
North Macedonia Kozhuf mountain and Boshava river
North Macedonia River Crna gorge
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
Serbia Resava gorge
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Kamanos Strict Nature Reserve
Liechtenstein Garselli-Zigerberg, Alpengebiet
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Ziemelu bogs
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Rodnei Mountains
Romania Dobron forest
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Belgium Sinémurienne
Belgium Haute Sûre/Ardenne méridionale
Belgium Deux Ourthes
Belgium Tailles
Belgium Wanne-Logbiermé
Belgium Vallée de la Lienne
Belgium Malchamps
Belgium Saint-Hubert
Belgium Marche en Famenne
Belgium Daverdisse
Belgium Lesse et Lomme
Belgium Croix-Scaille
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Sweden Bay of Kil
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Janów forests
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Tatra mountains
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Lake Pihlajavesi
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland South-eastern Kittilä mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Hungary Bükk
Hungary Mátra
Russia (European) Pinezhski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Pechoro-Ilychski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Kraka Mountain
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Syra Pogonya mire
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Cheremske mire
Ukraine Gorgany
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains
Ukraine Novograd-Volunskoe Game Reserve
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Plateau Ardennais
France Bassigny
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel
France Bois du Chapitre
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Parc National de la Vanoise
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
France Montagne des Frêtes et plateau des Glières
France Les Bauges
France Haut Giffre
Italy Carniche Alps
Italy Belluno Dolomites
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Val Grande
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Mount Grappa
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Italy Giulie Pre-Alps
Italy Anzasca and Antrona valleys
Italy Dolomites
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Sure
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Czechia Jeseniky mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Veľká Fatra
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Derdap gorge
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Freiwald
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Sweden Tärnan – Riala
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Mangfall mountains and Rotwand area
Germany Wet grasslands and forests around Burbach
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Rheingau
Germany Burgwald
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Schiltach and Berneck valleys, near Schramberg
Germany Middle-eastern Black Forest
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Simonswald-Rohrhardsberg
Germany Stromberg
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Our
Croatia Mt Dinara
Croatia Mount Velebit
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Karula
Estonia Puhatu mire
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Otepää
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Taarikõnnu-Kaisma
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Czechia Novohradské hory mountains
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Vizhay river
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Molebny Kamen' ridge
Russia (Central Asian) Poyasovy Kamen' ridge
Russia (Central Asian) Vodorazdel'naya
Latvia Abava valley
Latvia Abeli
Latvia Dunika bog
Latvia Moricsala and Viskuzu sala
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Zabolotje bogs
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Orlovas bog
Latvia Ukri forest
Latvia Aiviekste flood-plain
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Ovisi
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Augsdaugava
Latvia Pape
Latvia Sita and Pededze flood-plain
Latvia Vecumi
Latvia Vidusburtnieks
Latvia Zvarde forest
Latvia Augstroze
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Stikli
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Lielais and Pemmas bogs
Latvia Lake Lielauce
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Mangene forest
Latvia Stompaku bogs
Latvia Mezole
Latvia Rakupe and Pace
Latvia Sturu and Zvardes bogs
Latvia Razna
Latvia Salaca valley
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Belasitza mountain
Bulgaria Persenk
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Ponor
France Forêt de Chaux
France Forêt de Saou
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (European) Kilemarski Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy and Maly Akh lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Ust'-Ozerninskiye bogs
Lithuania Birzai forest
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Italy Tarvisio forest and Giulie pre-alps
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Czechia Boletice
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Italy Carniche pre-Alps
Italy Lagorai mountains
Austria Karwendel
Austria Inn valley between Stams and Haiming
Italy Rhaetian Alps
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Kazakhstan Markakol State Nature Reserve
Italy Alto Garda Bresciano
Sweden Sjöängen – Svartån
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Darzlubska Forest
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Stolowe Mountains
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Babia Gora Mountain
Poland Polica Mountain Range
Poland Orawa and Nowy Targ Bogs
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau
Italy Val d'Ossola
Slovenia Grintovci
Slovenia Julijci
Slovakia Laborecká upland
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Tatry
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shaya Indra lake
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Istochnoye, Sredneye and Schuch'ye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kondinskiye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'"
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Korgonskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain
Russia (Central Asian) Shapshal ridge
Russia (Central Asian) Tundyt mountain
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Mittlerer Rammert
Germany High alps of Allgäu
Germany Eastern Chiemgau Alps
Germany Wetterstein mountain range
Germany Southern Harz near Zorge
Germany Hauberge near Haiger
Germany Egge
Germany Rurtal, Kermeter, Vogelsang and Kalterherberg
Germany Mittelsiegbergland
Germany Ahrgebirge
Germany Lahn slopes
Germany Middle Rhine valley
Germany Middle and Lower Mosel
Luxembourg Region Kiischpelt
Romania Defileul Superior al Mureşului
Romania Giurgeu Depression
Romania Grădiştea Muncelului
Romania Frumoasa
Romania Igniş Mountains - Creasta Cocoşului
Romania Retezat Mountains
Romania Vrancea Mountains
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Romania Vânători - Neamţ
Hungary Karancs–Medves
Lithuania Buda - Pravieniskes forest complex
Lithuania Zemaitija National Park
Hungary Putnok Hills
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Strzeleckie forests
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Roztocze
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Slonne Mountains
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Izerskie Mountains
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Poprad Site
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Slovenia Jelovica plateau
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia Pohorje
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Slovenia Trnovski gozd
Estonia Kikepera
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Väinameri
Croatia Gorski Kotar and Northern Lika
Croatia Plitvice Lakes National Park
Estonia Agusalu
Greece Mount Olympos
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Lavassaare
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Meenikunno bog
Estonia Misso
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Påkketan
Serbia Golija
Serbia Mokra Gora
Serbia Zlatar

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal major resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 160 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Bonasa bonasia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/10/2021.