Hawaiian Coot Fulica alai


Berger, A. J. 1972. Hawaiian birdlife. University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu.

Byrd, G. V.; Coleman, R. A.; Shallenberger, R. J.; Arume, C. S. 1985. Notes on the breeding biology of the Hawaiian race of the American Coot. 'Elepaio 45: 57-63.

Engilis, A.; Pratt, T. K. 1993. Status and population trends of Hawaii's native waterbirds, 1977-1987. Wilson Bulletin 105: 142-158.

Morin, M. P. 1996. Response of a remnant population of endangered waterbirds to avian botulism. Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society 32: 23-33.

Pratt, H. D. 1987. Occurrence of the North American Coot (Fulica americana americana) in the Hawaiian Islands, with comments on the taxonomy of the Hawaiian Coot. 'Elepaio 47: 25-28.

Taylor, B. 1998. Rails: a guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules and coots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. Draft revised recovery plan for Hawaiian waterbirds, 2nd draft of 2nd revision. USFWS, Portland, Oregon, U.S.A.

Further resources

Audubon WatchList

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Draft Recovery Plan for Hawaiian Waterbirds

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Fulica alai. Downloaded from on 21/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/11/2019.