Hawaii Creeper Manucerthia mana


Anderson, S. J.; Stone, C. P. 1993. Snaring to control feral pigs Sus scrofa in a remote Hawaiian rain forest. Biological Conservation 63: 195-201.

Collar, N. J.; Butchart, S. H. M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

Gorresen, P. M.; Camp, R. J.; Pratt, T. K.; Woodworth, B. L. 2005. Status of forest birds in the Central Windward region of Hawai'I Island: population trends and power analyses.

Jacobi, J. D.; Atkinson, C. T. 1995. Hawaii's endemic birds. In: LaRoe, E.T. (ed.), Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of US plants, animals, and ecosystems, pp. 376-381. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, D.C.

Pratt, H. D. 1994. Avifaunal change in the Hawaiian Islands, 1893-1993. Studies in Avian Biology 15: 103-118.

Ralph, C. J.; Fancy, S. G. 1994. Demography and movements of the endangered Akepa and Hawaii Creeper. Wilson Bulletin 106: 615-628.

Scott, J.M., Mountainspring, S., Ramsey, F.L. and Kepler, C.B. 1986. Forest bird communities of the Hawaiian Islands: their dynamics, ecology, and conservation. Cooper Ornithological Society, California.

Snetsinger, T. J. 1995-1996. Observations of a Hawai'i Creeper in Mamane Forest. 'Elepaio 55: 55-56.

Stone, C. P.; Loope, L. L. 1987. Reducing negative effects of introduced animals on native biotas in Hawai'i: what is being done, what needs doing, and the role of national parks. Environmental Conservation 14: 245-258.

VanderWerf, E. A. 1998. Breeding biology and territoriality of the Hawaii Creeper. Condor 100: 541-545.

VanderWerf, E. A. 2001. Distribution and potential impacts of avian poxlike lesions in 'Elepaio at Hakalau Forest National wildlife Refuge. Studies in Avian Biology 21: 247-253.

Further resources

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Revised Recovery Plan for Hawaiian Forest Birds 2006

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Manucerthia mana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/08/2020.