Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus


BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia: eastern China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, eastern Russia. Christopher Helm, London.

Carboneras, C. and Kirwan, G.M. 2013. Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Delany, S.; Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Gardarsson, A. 2008. Harlequin Ducks in Iceland. Waterbirds 31(sp2): 8-14.

Rothe, T. C., Padding, P. I., Naves, L. C., & Robertson, G. J. 2015. Harvest of sea ducks in North America. Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks 46: 417.

Sea Duck Joint Venture. 2015. Harelquin Duck. Species Status Summary and Information Needs. December 2015. Available at: (Accessed: 19/02/2018).

Tucker, G.M.; Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: Their Conservation Status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Duck Specialist Group

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Histrionicus histrionicus. Downloaded from on 04/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 04/03/2024.