EN
Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- C2a(i) C2a(i); D1

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Endangered C2a(i)
2015 Endangered C2a(i)
2012 Endangered C2a(i)
2008 Endangered C2a(i)
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 213,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 700-900 medium estimated 2016
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 1-9 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 1-9 - - -
Number of subpopulations 5 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number 350-450 pairs, based on surveys (A. Kirkconnell in litt. 2016), equivalent to 1,050-1,350 individuals (rounded here to 1,100-1,400 individuals) and 700-900 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The species is suspected to still be slowly declining, owing mainly to habitat loss and persecution. However, recently trends appear to have stabilised or even reversed, with more frequent sightings over a five-year period (A. Kirkconnell in litt. 2012).  Further work is needed to confirm these trends.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Cuba N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cuba Cayos Romano - Cruz - Megano Grande
Cuba Limones - Tuabaquey
Cuba Sierra del Chorrillo
Cuba Turquino - Bayamesa
Cuba Topes de Collantes
Cuba Alturas de Banao
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila
Cuba Desembarco del Granma
Cuba Río Máximo
Cuba Delta del Cauto
Cuba La Mensura
Cuba Delta del Mayarí
Cuba Pico Cristal
Cuba Gran Piedra - Pico Mogote
Cuba Alejandro de Humboldt
Cuba Hatibonico - Baitiquirí - Imías
Cuba Guanahacabibes
Cuba Mil Cumbres
Cuba Sierra del Rosario
Cuba Ciénaga de Zapata
Cuba Gibara
Cuba Siboney - Juticí
Cuba Alturas de Trinidad y zona costera Trinidad - Punta Ancla
Cuba Alturas de Sancti Spiritus
Cuba Sierra del Rosario y Serpentinas del nordeste de Pinar del Río
Cuba Archipiélago de Sabana - Camagüey
Cuba Sierra de Cubitas y llanuras de serpentinas del Sur
Cuba Meseta de Cabo Cruz
Cuba Sierra de La Gran Piedra y Zona costera Aguadores - Hatibonico
Cuba Zona costera Punta Uvero - Punta de Mulas
Cuba Altiplanicie de Nipe
Cuba Cuchillas de Moa y del Toa
Cuba Costa Sur Guantánamo - Maisí
Cuba Sierras Guaicanamar - Najasa - Chorrillo
Cuba Cordillera del Turquino y zona costera El Macío - Las Coloradas

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp major resident
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Accipiter gundlachi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/08/2022.