Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. In prep.. European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Botha, A.J.; Andevski, J.; Bowden, C.G.R.; Gudka, M.; Safford, R.J.; Tavares, J.; Williams, N. P. 2017. Multi-species Action Plan to Conserve African-Eurasian Vultures. MS Raptors MOU Technical Publication No. 5. CMS Technical Series No. xx. Coordinating Unit of the CMS Raptors MOU, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Available at:

Carneiro, M., Colaço, B., Brandão, R., Azorín, B., Nicolas, O., Colaço, J., Pires, M.J., Agusti, S., Casas-Diaz, E., Lavin, S., & Oliveira, P.A. 2015. Assessment of the exposure to heavy metals in Griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) from the Iberian Peninsula. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 113: 295-301.

Choresh, Y., Burg, D., Trop, T., Izhaki, I. & Malkinson, D. 2019. Long term Griffon Vulture population dynamics at Gamla Nature Reserve. The Journal of Wildlife Management 83(1): 135-144.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1994. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

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Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

Global Raptor Information Network. 2015. Species account: Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus. Available at:

Herrero-Villar, M., Delepoulle, E., Suarez-Regalado, L., Solano-Manrique, C., Juan-Salles, C., Inglesias-Lebrija, J. J., Camarero, P. R., Gonzalez, F., Alvarez, E. & Mateo, R. 2021. First diclofenac intoxication in a wild avian scavenger in Europe. Science of the Total Environment 782: 146890.

Herrero-Villar, M., Velarde, R., Camarero, P. R., Taggart, M. A., Bandeira, V., Fonseca, C., Marco, I. & Mateo, R. 2020. NSAIDs detected in Iberian avian scavengers and carrion after diclofenac registration for veterinary use in Spain. Environmental Pollution 266: 115157.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Marinkovic, S., Hribsek, I., Tatalovic, N. & Skoric, S. 2021. A long-term population study of the Eurasian griffon (Gyps fulvus) in Serbia before and following the establishment of a supplementary feeding program. Ethology Ecology & Evolution 33(2): 137-155.

Orta, J., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. and Garcia, E.F.J. 2015. Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

RSPB. 2014. Birdcrime 2014: offences against wild bird legislation in the UK.

Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

STRIX. 2012. Developing and testing the methodology for assessing and mapping the sensitivity of migratory birds to wind energy development. BirdLife International, Cambridge.

Zorrilla, I., Martinez, R., Taggart, M.A. and Richards, N. 2015. Suspected flunixin poisoning of a wild Eurasian Griffon Vulture from Spain. Conservation Biology 29(2): 587-592.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Vulture Specialist Group

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Jump to the case study for this species in Wildlife comeback in Europe: The recovery of selected mammal and bird species (Deniet et al. 2003)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Gyps fulvus. Downloaded from on 29/05/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 29/05/2023.