Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2011 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,910,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 364,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 490000-630000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at 738,000-935,000 (Wetlands International 2015). This roughly equates to 490,000-630,000 mature individuals. National population estimates include 10,000 individuals on migration and 1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China, 50-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan (China), 1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and 1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea, 1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and 1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan, and 10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and 1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009). The European population is estimated at 5,000-10,000 pairs, which equates to 10,000-20,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). In North America, the species has had stable trends over the last 40 years (based on Partners in Flight; A. Panjabi in litt. 2017). The European population trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant
Argentina N Extant
Armenia N Extant
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Australia N Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant
Bolivia N Extant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana V Extant
Brazil N Extant
British Indian Ocean Territory N Extant
Brunei N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burundi V Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Cape Verde N Extant
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Chad V Extant
Chile N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Christmas Island (to Australia) V Extant
Colombia N Extant
Comoros N Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Cook Islands V Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes Yes
Cuba N Extant
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Ecuador N Extant
Egypt N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini V Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Fiji V Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
French Guiana N Extant
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Grenada N Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Guyana N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos V Extant
Latvia N Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho V Extant
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi V Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives N Extant
Mali V Extant
Malta N Extant
Marshall Islands N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius N Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nauru V Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
New Caledonia (to France) N Extant
New Zealand N Extant
Nicaragua N Extant
Niger V Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes Yes
Panama N Extant
Papua New Guinea N Extant
Paraguay N Extant
Peru N Extant
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Réunion (to France) N Extant
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda V Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Solomon Islands N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant
St Helena (to UK) V Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Martin (to France) N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Suriname N Extant
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes Yes
Togo N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia V Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Sado estuary
Portugal Tejo estuary
Portugal Ria de Aveiro
Romania Rotbav fish-ponds
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Ireland Dublin Bay
Ireland Tacumshin lake
Ireland The Cull and Killag
Ireland Tramore Backstrand
Ireland Ballymacoda
Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Fjord of Stig
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Pisz forest
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Evros delta
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Rottumerplaat
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Texel: Schorren and Zeeburg
Netherlands Duinen en Lage Land Texel
Netherlands Duinen Vlieland
Netherlands Griend
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat
Netherlands Duinen Ameland
Netherlands Engelsmanplaat
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Rottumeroog
Netherlands Balgzand
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Dollard
Netherlands Westplaat
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Spain Ría de Arosa (O Grove) estuary
Spain Villafáfila
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain Majona coast
Spain Janubio saltpans
Spain Coast between Corralejo and Tostón
Spain El Médano coast
Spain Sotavento beach
Spain Coast between Arinaga and Castillo del Romeral
Ukraine Jansheijs'ke lake
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Havre de la Sienne
France Littoral Augeron
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Iles de la Colombière, de la Nellière et des Haches
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Archipel des Glénan
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Vilaine
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Quiberon
France Baie de Goulven
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Cap Gris-nez
France Camargue
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Arjuzanx
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France La Dombes
United Kingdom Belfast Lough
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
United Kingdom Bridgend Flats, Islay
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Chesil Beach and the Fleet
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Dyfi Estuary/Aber Dyfi
United Kingdom Deben Estuary
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Dundrum Inner Bay
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom East Sanday
United Kingdom Eden Estuary, Tentsmuir Point and Abertay Sands
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Larne Lough
United Kingdom Lindisfarne
United Kingdom Gruinart Flats
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Montrose Basin
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom North Ronaldsay Coast
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Outer Ards
United Kingdom Pagham Harbour
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Portsmouth Harbour
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Rosehearty to Fraserburgh Coast
United Kingdom Rutland Water
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom South Westray Coast
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Swansea Bay - Blackpill
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Traeth Lafan, Conwy Bay
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch
United Kingdom Benacre to Easton Bavents
United Kingdom Loch Ryan
United Kingdom Breydon Water
United Kingdom Jersey Shoreline
United Kingdom Guernsey Shoreline
United Kingdom West Coast of Benbecula
Italy Po Delta
Italy Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Grado and Marano lagoon
Albania Narta Lagoon
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Black Sea
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Denmark Fanø
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Lista wetland system
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Ammersee
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Norden-Esens, inland
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Ireland Inner Galway Bay
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Gabon Akanda
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary
Guinea-Bissau Ilha de Bolama - Rio Grande de Buba
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós
Morocco Merja Zerga
Morocco Lagune de Khnifiss
Morocco Baie d'Ad Dakhla
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park
Mozambique Greater Bazaruto
Namibia Walvis Bay
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone River Estuary
Sierra Leone Yawri Bay
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreiaâ
South Africa West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands
Estonia Matsalu Bay
United Arab Emirates Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai)
Bahrain Tubli Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Oman Barr al Hikman
Oman Masirah island
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Russia (European) Seskar island
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area
Japan Inner Ariake bay
Japan Inner Tokyo bay
China (mainland) Laizhou Wan
South Korea Tidal flat area of Yeongjong-do island
South Korea Namyang Bay
South Korea Geum-gang river and estuary
South Korea Asan Bay (including Asan-ho lake and Sapgyo-ho lake)
South Korea Mangyeong estuary
South Korea Yubu-do island
South Korea Dongjin estuary
South Korea Nakdong-gang estuary
Jamaica Yallahs
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Russia (European) Yeiski salt-lakes
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Pointe de Grave
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Basse vallée du Var
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site
Bahamas Great Inagua
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Canada Lake Newell and Kitsim Reservoir
Canada Beaverhill Lake
Canada Boundary Bay - Roberts Bank - Sturgeon Bank (Fraser River Estuary)
Canada Baynes Sound
Canada Shepody Bay West
Canada Quaco Bay
Canada Dorchester Cape and Grand Anse
Canada Cobequid Bay
Canada Southern Bight, Minas Basin
Canada Rasmussen Lowlands
Canada Foxe Basin Islands
Canada Creswell Bay
Canada Greater Rondeau Area
Canada Eastern Lake St. Clair
Canada Longridge Point and Associated Coastline
Canada Moose River Estuary
Canada Big Piskwanish Point
Canada Bedeque Bay
Canada PEI National Park
Canada Lagune du Havre aux Basques et plage de l'Ouest
Canada Île de l'Est
Canada Baie de Gaspé
Canada Marais de Pointe-au-Père
Canada Marais de la baie de L'Isle-Verte
Canada Marais de Gros-Cacouna
Canada Barre de Portneuf
Canada Île Rouge
Canada Batture Batture aux Alouettes and mouth of Saguenay River
Canada Northeast James Bay Coast
Canada Quill Lakes
Canada Pelican Lake
Canada McIntyre Beach and Rose Spit
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Kuwait Ad-Doha Nature Reserve
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay
Oman Al Batinah coast
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Oman Ras al Hadd
Oman Duqm
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Beidah
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Yemen Aden
Bahamas Grand Bahama Southern Shore
Bahamas Gilliam Bay
Bahamas Booby Rocks and Pirates Bay
Bahamas Low Cay, High Cay and Sandy Hook
Bahamas South Beach Tidal Flats
Bahamas Cat Island Wetlands
Panama Upper Bay of Panamá
Bahamas Sandy Point
Bahamas Salt Cay
Bahamas Driggs Hill to Mars Bay
Italy Venice lagoon
Argentina Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa
Belize Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands
Belize Northeastern Belize
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay
Costa Rica Nicoya Gulf mangroves and coastal areas
Netherlands Markiezaat
Bahamas Mangrove Cay
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste
Paraguay Lagunas Saladas - Riacho Yacaré
Anguilla (to UK) Dog Island
Anguilla (to UK) East End Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Scrub Island
Ireland Ballycotton, Ballynamona and Shanagarry
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Anguilla (to UK) Cove Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Long Salt Pond
Bahamas North Atlantic Abaco Cays
Bahamas Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park
Bahamas Red Bays
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes
Jamaica Black River Great Morass
Bahamas Conception Island National Park
Netherlands Wadden Coast
Cuba Humedal Sur de Sancti Spiritus
Mexico Humedales Costeros del Norte de la Península de Yucatán
French Guiana Amana
French Guiana Littoral
French Guiana Littoral Sinnamary
French Guiana Littoral Kourou
French Guiana Littoral Macouria
French Guiana Ile de Cayenne
French Guiana Plaine Kaw et Pointe Béhague
Croatia NW Dalmatia and Pag Island
Ireland Baldoyle Bay
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Taiwan, China Hsinchu City Coastal Area
Netherlands Delta Coast
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
USA Teshekpuk Lake-E. Dease Inlet
Germany Dollart
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Rysumer Nacken
Ireland Dundalk Bay
Ireland Boyne estuary
Ireland Rogerstown estuary
Ireland Malahide/ Broadmeadow Estuary
Ireland Bannow Bay
Ireland Dungarvan Harbour
Ireland Killala Bay
Ireland Shannon and Fergus Estuaries
Ireland Tralee Bay and Barrow Harbour
Ireland Carlingford Lough
Ireland Lough Foyle
United Kingdom The Wash
Mexico Istmo de Tehuantepec - Mar Muerto
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Denmark Mandø
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Skallingen and Langli
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
China (mainland) Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong
China (mainland) Yalu Jiang Estuary
Bahamas Kemp Cay to Pigeon Cay
Bahamas Joulter Cays
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta - Cospita
Mexico Istmo de Tehuantepec
Mexico Estero Cardonal
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Irbe strait
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
China (mainland) Laoting (Daqing He–Shi Jiu Tuo)
United Arab Emirates Marawah Island
Brazil Mangue Seco
Brazil Reentrâncias Maranhenses / Paraenses
Brazil Caxiuanã / Portel
Brazil Baixada Maranhense
Brazil Delta do Parnaíba
Philippines Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Ertis Ormany (Shaldai Forest)
Kazakhstan Shcherbakty Lakes
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
China (mainland) Luannan coast and saltworks
China (mainland) Wudi-Zhanhua-Hekou coast
China (mainland) Huanghua coast (Cangzhou)
China (mainland) Tiaozini (Dongtai coast)
China (mainland) Rudong coast
China (mainland) Dongling coast
China (mainland) Qidong coast
Russia (Asian) Lower Anadyr lowlands
Mexico Agiabampo

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Marine & freshwater aquaculture - Industrial aquaculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species disturbance
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Pluvialis squatarola. Downloaded from on 16/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/10/2021.