Grey Partridge Perdix perdix


Aebischer, N.J. and Ewald, J.A. 2004. Managing the UK Grey Partridge Perdix perdix recovery: population change, reproduction, habitat and shooting. Ibis 146(Suppl. 2): 181–191.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. 2021. European Red List of Birds. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

Birkan, M.; Jacob, M. 1988. [The Grey Partridge]. Hatier, Paris.

Carroll, J. P., McGowan, P. J. K., and Kirwan, G. M. 2020. Gray Partridge (Perdix perdix), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1994. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

EBCC. 2018. Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme. Available at:

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-2. Available at: (Accessed: 08 December 2022).

Jahn, L. R. and E. W. Schenck. 1990. U.S. agricultural programs: implications for wildlife and potential for improvement. Perdix V: Gray Partridge and Ring-necked Pheasant Workshop, pp. 359-371. Emporia, KS: Kans. Dep. Wildl. Parks.

Liukkonen-Anttila, T.; Uimaniemi, L.; Orell, M.; Lumme, J. 2002. Mitochondrial DNA variation and the phylogeography of the Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix) in Europe: from Pleistocene history to present day populations. J. Evol. Biol. 15: 971-982.

Novoa, C., Aebischer, N.J. and Landry, P. 2002. Upland habitat use by Pyrenean grey partridges Perdix perdix hispaniensis during the breeding season. Wildl. Biol 8: 99-108.

O'Gorman, C. 2011. Irish grey partridge population hits new highs with a world record in the making? Int. Journal Galliform Conserv 4: 13-16.

Palumbo, G. and Gallo-Orsi, U. 1999. Management Statement Italian Grey Partridge Perdix perdix italica. BirdLife.

Panek, M. 1990. Factors influencing winter mortality of Gray Partridge in western Poland. Perdix V: Gray Partridge and Ring-necked Pheasant Workshop, pp. 304-314. Emporia, KS: Kans. Dep. Wildl. Parks.

Partners in Flight. 2021. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2021. Available at:

Potts, G. R. 1986. The Partridge: pesticides, predation and conservation. Collins, London.

Vander Zouwen, W. J. 1990. Recent status of Gray Partridge in North America. Perdix V: Gray Partridge and Ring-necked Pheasant Workshop, pp. 21-40. Emporia, KS: Kans Dep. Wildl. Parks.

Vander Zouwen, W. J. 1990. State and provincial programs for habitat enhancement on private agricultural lands. Perdix V: Gray Partridge and Ring-necked Pheasant Workshop, pp. 64-83. Emporia, KS: Kans. Dep. Wildl. Parks.

Vinicombe, K., Marchant, J. and Knox, A. 1993. Review of status and categorisation of feral birds on the British List. British Birds 86(12): 605-614.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Galliformes Specialist Group

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Perdix perdix. Downloaded from on 05/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/03/2024.