Grey Partridge Perdix perdix


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
Turbott, E. G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 16,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 13,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 3900000-7600000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 1,380,000-2,670,000 pairs, which equates to 2,750,000-5,340,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 70% of the global range, so a revised estimate of the global population size is 3,900,000-7,600,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is estimated to be in overall decline. It has suffered marked declines in all parts of its native range owing to habitat loss and degradation caused by agricultural intensification and loss of insect prey caused by pesticides (McGowan and Kirwan 2013). This corresponds well with the strong long-term (1980-2013) decline reported for the European population by the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC 2015) and the <25% decline in the European population over three generations (11.7 years) reported by the 2015 European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Canada I Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus V Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extinct Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
New Zealand I Extinct Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Possibly Extinct Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) V Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA I Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Mount Dalidag
Azerbaijan Lachin area
Azerbaijan Zuvand upland
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Haradzienskaja Svislač
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Slovenia Ribnica valley
Slovenia River Drava
Sweden Lake Ralången – Lake Hyllingen
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Bay of Torslanda
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Alajoki
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden
Hungary Bihar Plain
Hungary Moson Plain
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Heves Plain
Hungary Hódmezővásárhely Pusztas
Hungary Csanád Pusztas
Hungary Gerje-sik
Hungary Tápió valley
Russia (European) Siniye mountains
Russia (European) Kletnyanski forest
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Santo Domingo-Riglos-Gratal
Spain Fresser-Setcases
Spain Cerdaña
Spain Alt Pallars
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Spain Gistaín-Cotiella
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa
Spain Panticosa-Vignemale-Tendeñera
Spain Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges
Spain La Demanda mountains
Spain Montes Aquilanos range
Spain La Cabrera mountain range
Spain Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains
Spain Gistreo and Coto mountain ranges
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Degaña-Hermo
Spain Ancares mountains
Spain Riaño
Spain Obarenes mountains
Spain Muniellos
Spain Turbón-Espés-Sis
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Tarkhankuts'kyj peninsula
Ukraine Bilogir'ya
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Molochna river valley
Ukraine Korostushevskoe Game Reserve
Ukraine Zakhidnyj Bug river valley
Ukraine Novograd-Volunskoe Game Reserve
Ukraine Ushomyrs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau
France Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin.
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz
France Rive Gauche de la Vallée d'Aspe et Pic d'Anie
France Pènes du Moulle de Jaut
France Haute Cize : Pic d'Errozate et Forêt d'Orion
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Puig Carlit et environs
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Cirque de Gavarnie
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier
France Zones rupestres du Tarasconnais et massif d'Aston
France Gorges de la Frau et Belestat
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Taro river
Italy Laga mountains
Italy Cicolano
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia Doupov hills
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Obedska bara
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Syslovské fields
Slovakia Horna Orava
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Spisská Magura
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Derdap gorge
Serbia Mala Vrbica
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Machland
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Heideboden
Germany Zerbster Land
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Hellwegbörde
Germany Herbsleben ponds
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Weser valley near Stolzenau and Landesbergen
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Upper Aller lowlands
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Dümmer
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Fehntjer Tief
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Dalum Wietmarscher swamp
Germany Georgsdorfer swamp
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Lahn valley from Marburg to Wetzlar
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Russia (European) Samurski ridge
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Russia (Central Asian) Togusak valley
Russia (Central Asian) Parshivye mountains
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of river Irtysh near village Atak
Russia (European) Zolotarevskaya area
Russia (Central Asian) Zingeika lake
Russia (European) Semilovskoye forestry
Russia (European) Dono-Donetskoye flood-plain
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'ko-Solenoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tri Gusikhi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kiamaki Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Kazakhstan Cherdoyak
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Freiwald
Austria Ibmer Moor
Ukraine Chornobyl zone
Austria Austrian part of Hanság
Ukraine Upper of r.Mokra Sura
Ukraine Reservoir on r. Chechva with territories adjacent
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Italy Rhaetian Alps
Kazakhstan Western edge of the Karakoyin and Zhetikonyr Sands
Serbia Pusta reka
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ilek river near Pokrovka
Russia (European) Pis'myanskiye Gori area
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Lüneburger Heide
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Eschebrügger Wösten
Germany Mittleres Wietingsmoor
Germany Kuppendorfer Böhrde
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Gohrischheide
Germany Wümme lowlands Borgfeld-Fischerhude
Germany Schwalmaue around Schwalmstadt
Germany Elbe lowlands near Bertingen
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Luxembourg Mines of the region of Differdange
Luxembourg Region of the Middle Lias
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler
Luxembourg Region of Junglinster
Luxembourg Valley of the Syre
Armenia Dsegh
Armenia Haghartsin
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Väinameri
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Lahemaa
Kazakhstan Zhusandala
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Ortau upland massif
Kazakhstan Chokpak Pass
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Karabas Mountains
Kazakhstan Arkaly Mountains
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Serbia Dobric-Nisava
Serbia Toplica
Serbia Leskovacko polje
Serbia Presevo valley - Rujen

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Perdix perdix. Downloaded from on 10/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 10/07/2020.