Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus


Annorbah, N.N.D.; Collar, N.J.; Marsden, S.J. 2016. Trade and habitat change virtually eliminate the Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus from Ghana. Ibis 158: 82-91.

Benson CW, Denson FM, Stuart SN. 1988. Order Psittaciformes: Psittacidae. Parrots, parakeets and lovebirds. In: Fry CH, Keith S, Urban EK (ed.), The birds of Africa, vol. 3 , pp. 1-25. Academic Press, London.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

CITES. 2016. Interpretation and implementation of the Convention. Compliance and enforcement. application of article xiii. SC66 Doc. 28 .

Clemmons, J. R. 2003. Status survey of the African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus timneh) and development of a management program in Guinea and Guinea-Bissau. Unpublished report to the CITES secretariat. Geneva.

Collar, N. J. & Butchart, S. H. M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: Chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

Collar, N. J. 1997. Psittacidae (Parrots). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 280-477. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Dändliker, G. 1992. Le Perroquet Gris (Psittacus erithacus) en Guinée: Evaluation des populations, contribution à la biologie, étude de l'exploitation commerciale et recommendations pour la gestion. Report sur le projet CITES S-30. CITES Secretariat, Geneva.

Dändliker, G. 1992. The Grey Parrot in Ghana: a population survey, a contribution to the biology of the species, a study of its commercial exploitation and management recommendations.

Dueker, S., Kupsch, D., Bobo Kadiri, S., Heymann, E.W., and Waltert, M. 2019. Congo Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus densities in oil palm plantation, agroforestry mosaic and protected forest in Southwest Cameroon. Bird Conservation International.

Fotso, R. 1998. Etude sur l'état, la répartition géographique et l'utilisation du perroquet gris (Psittacus erithacus) dans la République démocratique du Congo.

Fotso, R. 1998. Survey status of the distribution and utilization of the Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) in Cameroon.

Hart, J. 2013. Congo's quintessential parrot. PsittaScene Winter: 16-19.

Hart, J.; Hart, T.; Salumu, L.; Bernard, A.; Abani, R.; Martin R. 2016. Increasing exploitation of grey parrots in eastern DRC drives population declines. Oryx 50: 16.

Inskipp, T., Broad, S. & Luxmoore, R. 1988. Significant trade in wildlife: A review of selected species in CITES Appendix II, 3: Birds. IUCN & CITES Secretariat, Cambridge, U.K.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Jones, P.J., Tye, A. 2006. The birds of São Tomé and Príncipe, with Annobón: Islands of the Gulf of Guinea. British Ornithologists' Union, Oxford.

Juniper, T.; Parr, M. 1998. Parrots: a guide to the parrots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Juste, J.B. 1996. Trade in the Gray Parrot Psittacus erithacus on the Island of Principe (Sao Tome and Principe, Central Africa): Initial assessment of the activity and its impact. Biological Conservation 76: 101-104.

Martin, R.O.; Perrin, M.R.; Boyes, R.S.; Abebe, Y.D.; Annorbah, N.D.; Asamoah, A.; Bizimana, D.; Bobo, K.S.; Bunbury, N.; Brouwer, J.; Diop, M.S.; Ewnetu, M.; Fotso, R.C.; Garteh, J.; Hall, P.; Holbech, L.H.; Madindou, I.R.; Maisels, F.; Mokoko, J.; Mulwa, R.; Reuleaux, A.; Symes, C.; Tamungang, S.; Taylor, S.; Valle, S.; Waltert, M.; Wondafrash, M. 2014. Research and conservation of the larger parrots of Africa and Madagascar: A review of knowledge gaps and opportunities. Ostrich 85: 205-233.

McGowan, P. 2001. Status, management and conservation of the African Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus in Nigeria. CITES Secretariat, Geneva.

Tamungang, S.A.; Cheke, R.A. 2012. Population status and management plan of the African Grey Parrot in Cameroon. Review of Significant Trade. CITES.

Tamungang, S.A.; Cheke, R.A.; Mofor, G.Z.; Tamungang, R.N.; Oben, F.T. 2014. Conservation concern for the deteriorating geographical range of the Grey Parrot in Cameroon. International Journal of Ecology 2014: Article ID 753294.

UNEP-WCMC. 2016. CITES Trade Database. Cambridge,UK Available at: http://trade.cites.org/. (Accessed: 2016).

Waugh, D. 2010. Recent trade, capture of wild African Grey Parrots. AFA Watchbird 37(1): 43-45.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Psittacus erithacus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/03/2023.