LC
Grey Gull Larus modestus



References

Aguilar, R., M. Perucci, T. Cisternas, M. Torres, M. Silva, A. Marín, A. Silva and P. Bolados. 2013. La nidificación de la gaviota garuma y su vulnerabilidad a las actividades antrópicas en el Desierto de Atacama (Unpublished report). Fondo de Protección Ambiental 2012, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente , Antofagasta, Chile.

Aguilar, R., Simeone, A., Rottmann, J., Perucci, M. and Luna-Jorquera, G. 2016. Unusual coastal breeding in the desert-nesting Gray Gull (Leucophaeus modestus) in northern Chile. Waterbirds 39(1): 69–73.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Delany, S.; Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Guerra, C.G., Fitzpatrick, L.C., Aguilar, R.E. and Venables, B.J. 1988. Reproductive consequences of El Niño-Southern Oscillation in Gray Gulls (Larus modestus). Waterbirds 11(2): 170-175.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Larus modestus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/01/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/01/2021.