LC
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 171 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,080,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 52,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -

Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable (Wetlands International 2006). This species has undergone a large and statistically significant increase over the last 40 years in North America (4400% increase over 40 years, equating to a 158% increase per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007) Note, however, that these surveys cover less than 50% of the species's range in North America.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant
Argentina N Extant
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Bahamas N Extant
Barbados N Extant
Belgium V Extant
Belize N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant
Bolivia N Extant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant
Canada N Extant Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Chile N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Czechia V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Ecuador N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) V Extant
France V Extant
French Guiana N Extant
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Grenada N Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Guyana N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Iceland V Extant
Ireland V Extant
Italy V Extant
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Japan V Extant
Marshall Islands V Extant
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Nicaragua N Extant
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) V Extant
Norway V Extant
Panama N Extant
Paraguay N Extant
Peru N Extant
Poland V Extant
Portugal V Extant
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
South Korea V Extant
Spain V Extant
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Martin (to France) N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Suriname N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) U Extant
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Colombia Ciénaga Grande, Isla de Salamanca and Sabana Grande RAMSAR biosphere reserve
Venezuela Humedales Boca del Río Unare
Jamaica Yallahs
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Grand Turk Salinas and Shores
Bahamas Great Inagua
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Bahamas Long Island and Hog Cay
Canada Miscou Island
Canada Big Piskwanish Point
Canada Malpeque Bay
Canada PEI National Park
Canada Lagune du Havre aux Basques et plage de l'Ouest
Canada Île de l'Est
Canada Barachois de Malbaie
Canada Marais de Pointe-au-Père
Canada Marais de Gros-Cacouna
Canada Barre de Portneuf
Canada Baie des Escoumins et Grandes-Bergeronnes
Canada Battures de Beauport and chenal de l'île d'Orléans
Canada Northeast James Bay Coast
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
Bahamas Gilliam Bay
Bahamas Low Cay, High Cay and Sandy Hook
Bahamas South Beach Tidal Flats
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita
Belize Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands
Belize Northeastern Belize
Aruba (to Netherlands) Tierra del Sol Salina
Aruba (to Netherlands) Bubali Wetlands
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Klein Bonaire, Bonaire
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay
Antigua and Barbuda Bethesda Dam
Costa Rica Nicoya Gulf mangroves and coastal areas
Antigua and Barbuda Offshore Islands
Bahamas Cat Island Wetlands
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste
Paraguay Parque Nacional Tinfunqué - Estero Patiño
Paraguay Lagunas Saladas - Riacho Yacaré
Barbados St Lucy Shooting Swamps
Barbados St Philip Shooting Swamps
St Lucia Point Sables
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Anguilla (to UK) Cove Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Long Salt Pond
Dominican Republic Jaragua National Park
Bahamas Red Bays
Jamaica Black River Great Morass
Bahamas Conception Island National Park
Cuba Delta del Mayarí
Mexico Humedales Costeros del Norte de la Península de Yucatán
Mexico Pantanos de Centla
Mexico Ría Celestún
Mexico Ría Lagartos
French Guiana Amana
French Guiana Littoral
French Guiana Littoral Sinnamary
French Guiana Littoral Kourou
French Guiana Littoral Macouria
French Guiana Ile de Cayenne
French Guiana Plaine Kaw et Pointe Béhague
Trinidad and Tobago West Coast Mudflats
Bahamas Joulter Cays
Mexico Cuenca baja del Río Papagayo
Mexico Estero Cardonal
Brazil Mangue Seco
Brazil Reentrâncias Maranhenses / Paraenses
Brazil Caxiuanã / Portel
Brazil Baixada Maranhense
Brazil Delta do Parnaíba
Colombia El Encanto de Guanapalo

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 4100 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Tringa melanoleuca. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2020.