Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. 2021. European Red List of Birds. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

Bregnballe, T., Noer, H., Christensen, T.K., Clausen, P., Asferg, T., Fox, A.D. and Delany, S. 2006. Sustainable hunting of migratory waterbirds: the Danish approach. In: G. Boere, C. Galbraith and D. Stroud (eds), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 854-860. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, U.K.

del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Ely, C. R., Dzubin, A. X., Carboneras, C., Kirwan, G. M., Garcia, E. F. J. 2020. Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons), version 1.0. Ithaca, NY, USA. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available at:

Fox, A. D.; Walsh, A. J.; Norriss, D. W.; Wilson, H. J.; Stroud, D. A.; Francis, I. 2006. Twenty-five years of population monitoring - the rise and fall of the Greenland White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons flavirostris. In: Boere, G.; Galbraith, C., Stroud, D. (ed.), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 637-639. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Glahder, C.M. and Walsh, A.J. 2006. Experimental disturbance of moulting Greenland White-fronted Geese Anser albifrons flavirostris. In: G. Boere, C. Galbraith and D. Stroud (eds), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 640. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh, U.K.

Grishanov, D. 2006. Conservation problems of migratory waterfowl and shorebirds and their habitats in the Kaliningrad region of Russia. In: G. Boere, C. Galbraith and D Stroud (eds), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 356. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh, U.K.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-2. Available at: (Accessed: 08 December 2022).

Jia, Q.; Koyama, K.; Choi, C.-Y.; Kim, H.-J.; Cao, L.; Gao, D.; Liu, G.; Fox, A. D. 2016. Population estimates and geographical distributions of swans and geese in East Asia based on counts during the non-breeding season. Bird Conservation International 26: 397-417.

Johnsgard, P.A. 1978. Ducks, geese and swans of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

Kear, J. 2005. Ducks, geese and swans volume 1: general chapters; species accounts (Anhima to Salvadorina). Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Kwon, Y.K., Wee, S.H. and Kim, J.H. 2004. Pesticide Poisoning Events in Wild Birds in Korea from 1998 to 2002. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40(4): 737-740.

Madge, S. and Burn, H. 1988. Wildfowl. Christopher Helm, London.

Melville, D.S. and Shortridge, K.F. 2006. Migratory waterbirds and avian influenza in the East Asian-Australasian Flyway with particular reference to the 2003-2004 H5N1 outbreak. In: G. Boere, C. Galbraith & D. Stroud (eds), Waterbirds around the World, pp. 432-438. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, U.K.

Nikolaeva, N.G., Spiridonov, V.A. and Krasnov, Y.V. 2006. Existing and proposed marine protected areas and their relevance for seabird conservation: a case study in the Barents Sea region. In: G. Boere, C. Galbraith and D. Stroud (eds), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 743-749. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Partners in Flight. 2021. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2021. Available at:

Scott, D.A. and Rose, P.M. 1996. Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and western Eurasia. Wetlands International, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Stroud, D.A., Fox, A.D., Urquhart, C. and Francis, I.S. 2012. International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Greenland White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons flavirostris). AEWA Technical Series No.45. Bonn, Germany.

Vickery, J. A.; Gill, J. A. 1999. Managing grassland for wild geese in Britain: a review. Biological Conservation 89: 93-106.

Wetlands International. 2022. Waterbird Population Estimates. Available at: (Accessed: 09/02/2022).

Further resources

IUCN SSC Goose Specialist Group

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources
Euro Bird Portal

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Anser albifrons. Downloaded from on 31/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 31/03/2023.