VU
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga



References

Babushkin M.V. & Kuznecov A.V. 2008. Dynamics of number and ecology Greater Spotted Eagle in Darvinskyi Reserve. In: V.N. Melnikov, V.Ch. Dombrovsky, A.L. Mishchenko (ed.), Study and Conservation of Greater and Lesser Spotted Eagles in Northern Eurasia: Materials for the V International Conference on Birds of Prey of Northern Eurasia, Ivanovo, February 4-7, 2008.

Bergmanis U, Petrinš A, Strazds M, Krams I. 1997. Possible case of hybridization of the Lesser Spotted eagle and the Greater Spotted eagle in Eastern Latvia. Putni Daba 3: 2-6.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened Birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. In prep.. European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia: eastern China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, eastern Russia. Christopher Helm, London.

Brochet, A.-L.; Van den Bossche, W.; Jones, V. R.; Arnardottir, H.; Damoc, D.; Demko, M.; Driessens, G.; Flensted, K.; Gerber, M.; Ghasabyan, M.; Gradinarov, D.; Hansen, J.; Horvath, M.; Karlonas, M.; Krogulec, J.; Kuzmenko, T.; Lachman, L.; Lehtiniemi, T.; Lorgé, P.; Lotberg, U.; Lusby, J.; Ottens, G.; Paquet, J.-Y.; Rukhaia, A.; Schmidt, M.; Shimmings, P.; Stipnieks, A.; Sultanov, E.; Vermouzek, Z.; Vintchevski, A.; Volke, V.; Willi, G.; Butchart, S. H. M. 2019. Illegal killing and taking of birds in Europe outside the Mediterranean: assessing the scope and scale of a complex issue. Bird Conservation International 29: 10-40.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1994. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Domashevsky S.V. 2000. National Action Plan for the conservation of the Great Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga) and Lesser Spotted Eagle (A. pomarina) in Ukraine. In: O. Mykytyuk (ed.), National Action Plans on conservation of globally threatened bird species. pp. 122 – 132 [in Ukrainian]. SoftART, Kyiv.

Dombrovski, V. C. 2002. Hybridization of Lesser and Greater Spotted Eagles - (Aquila pomarina et A. clanga) in Belarus: rules or exception? Subbuteo 5(1): 23-31.

Dombrovski, V., Ch.; Tishechkin, A. K.; Ivanovski, V. V. 2002. Belarus' National Action Plan for Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga).

Elaev, E. N. 2008. Spotted Eagle in the South of Eastern Siberia. In: V.N. Melnikov, V.Ch. Dombrovsky, A.L. Mishchenko (ed.), Study and Conservation of Greater and Lesser Spotted Eagles in Northern Eurasia: Materials for the V International Conference on Birds of Prey of Northern Eurasia, Ivanovo, February 4-7, 2008.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Karyakin, I. V. 2008. The Greater Spotted Eagle in the Volga Region, Ural Mountains and Western Siberia. Raptors Conservation: 23-69.

Karyakin, I., Bachtin, R., Biekmansurov, R., Nikolenko, E. and Wazow, S. 2012. Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga in the regions of Volga-Ural, Western Siberia and Altai-Sayan. In: Mirski, P. (ed.), Protection of the Greater Spotted Eagle. Materials from the International Workshops. 25-27 January 2012, s. 24. Goniadz, Polska.

Keller, V., Herrando, S., Vo?íšek, P., Franch, M., Kipson, M., Milanesi, P., Martí, D., Anton, M., Klva?ová, A., Kalyakin, M.V., Bauer, H.-G. and Foppen, R.P.B. 2020. European Breeding Bird Atlas 2: Distribution, Abundance and Change. European Bird Census Council & Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Lõhmus A, Väli Ü. 2001. Interbreeding of the Greater Aquila clanga and Lesser Spotted Eagle A. pomarina. Acta Ornithoecologica 4: 377–384.

Maciorowski G., Mizera T. 2010. Conservations and studies on Greater Spotted Eagle in Poland - LIFE project. Studia i materia?y CEPL w Rogowie. 25: 181-190 (in Polish with English summary).

Maciorowski, G., Galanaki, A., Kominos, T., Dretakis, M. and Mirski, P. 2019. The importance of wetlands for the Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga wintering in the Mediterranean Basin. Bird Conservation International 29: 115-123.

Maciorowski, G., Lontkowski, J. and Mizera, T. 2014. The Spotted Eagle - Vanishing Bird of the Marshes. Unigraf, Poznan.

Meyburg, B.-U.; Haraszthy, L.; Strazds, M.; Schäffer, N. 1999. European species action plan for Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga).

Mirski, P. 2012. European Greater Spotted Eagle Species Action Plan and the need for an update. CONSERVATION OF THE GREATER SPOTTED EAGLE: 23. Goni?dz, Poland, 25–27th January 2012.

Perez-Garcia, J. M., Marco-Tresserras, J. and Orihuela-Torres, A. 2020. Winter diet and lead poisoning risk of Greater Spotted Eagles Clanga clanga in southeast Spain. Bird Study 67(2): 224-231.

Perlman, Y. And Granit, B. 2012. Wintering Raptors in Israel 2010/11. Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (In Hebrew).

Väli Ü. 2011. Numbers and hybrydization of spotted eagles in Estonia as revealed by country-wide field observations and genetic analysis. Estonian Journal of Ecology 60: 143-154.

Väli Ü., Dombrovski V., Treinys R., Bergmanis U., Daróczi S., Dravecky M., Ivanovsky V., Lontkowski J., Maciorowski G., Meyburg B.U., Mizera T., Zeitz R., Ellegren H. 2010. Wide-spread hybridization between the Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga and the Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina (Aves: Accipitriformes) in Europe. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 100: 725-736.

Zavialov, E. V. & Tabachishin, V. G. 2008. Propagation Dynamics and Modern Abundance of Spotted Eagle in the Northern Lower-Volga Region. In: V.N. Melnikov, V.Ch. Dombrovsky, A.L. Mishchenko (ed.), Study and Conservation of Greater and Lesser Spotted Eagles in Northern Eurasia: Materials for the V International Conference on Birds of Prey of Northern Eurasia, Ivanovo, February 4-7, 2008.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

European Species Action Plan

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Clanga clanga. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2022.