LC
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Calandrella brachydactyla and C. dukhunensis (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped into C. brachydactyla following AERC TAC (2003), Cramp et al. (1977-1994), Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993) and Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 24,800,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 37,500,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 4,730,000-9,050,000 pairs, which equates to 9,460,000-18,100,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1998 and 2013 show that populations were stable (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya V Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia V Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Pafos Plain
Cyprus Cape Greco
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Malta Ta'Cenc cliffs
Malta Rdum Tal-Madonna
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Azerbaijan Korchai area
Azerbaijan Mugan steppe
Malta Comino island
Portugal Upper River Tejo
Portugal Tejo estuary
Portugal Castro Verde plains
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Rayanovtsi
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Bulgaria Krumovitza
Bulgaria Madzharovo
Bulgaria Radinchevo
Bulgaria Sakar
Romania Hagieni forest
Greece Evros delta
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Artzan reservoir
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Tilos island and surrounding islets
Greece Western Milos, Antimilos and Polyaigos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Kythira island
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Symi island and surrounding islets
Greece Serifos island
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece Thessaly plain
Greece Tyrnavos area
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Russia (European) Orenburgski Nature Reserve
Spain Tiermes-Caracena
Spain Layna high moors
Spain Monegrillo-Pina steppe area-Pina
Spain Belchite-Mediana
Spain Alcañiz salt lakes
Spain Campo Visiedo
Spain Hoya de Baza
Spain Hoya de Guadix
Spain Coastal cliffs between Cape Enderrocat and Cala Pí
Spain North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire
Spain Tierra de Campos steppes
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor
Spain Lerida steppes
Spain Alcarria de Alcalá steppes
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Montagne de la Clape
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Basses Corbières
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Massif des Albères
France Gorges du Gardon
France Etang du Bagnas
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Camargue
France Crau
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Plateau de Valensole
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Plaines de Mirebeau et de Neuville-du-Poitou
France Plaine de Saint-Jean-de-Sauves
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
Italy Taro river
Italy Migliarino-San Rossore
Italy Tolfa hills
Italy Gargano promontory
Italy Murge
Italy Gravine
Italy Pollino
Italy Central Campidano
Italy Altopiano di Abbasanta
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Egadi islands
Italy Cape Otranto and Cape Santa Maria di Leuca coast
Italy Cape San Marco
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Biviere and Plain of Gela
Italy Daunia mountains
Italy Scrivia stream
Italy Sentina
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Italy Trebbia river (lower course)
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserves on Cres island
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Cetina River
Jordan Shaumari
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Kamenski Bair
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Lebanon Semi Deserts of Ras Baalbek
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz
Croatia Ravni Kotari
Croatia NW Dalmatia and Pag Island
Croatia Kvarner Islands
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu
Romania Stepa Casimcea
Romania Denis Tepe
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Limanu - Herghelia
Malta Dwejra Bay to San Dimitri Point
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Serbia Juzni Banat

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Calandrella brachydactyla. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/04/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/04/2021.