LC
Greater Scaup Aythya marila



References

Afton, A. D., & Anderson, M. G. 2001. Declining scaup populations: a retrospective analysis of long-term population and harvest survey data. The Journal of wildlife management: 781-796.

Anon. 2005. Finland's third national report to the CBD. Available at: https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/fi/fi-nr-03-en.pdf.

Audubon. 2014. Greater Scaup.

Balmaki, B. and Barati, A. 2006. Harvesting status of migratory waterfowl in northern Iran: a case study from Gilan Province. In: Boere, G., Galbraith, C. and Stroud, D. (eds), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 868-869. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Bendell, L.I. 2011. Sea ducks and aquaculture: the cadmium connection. Ecotoxicology 20(2): 474-478.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Campbell, L. H. 1984. The impact of changes in sewage treatment on seaducks wintering in the Firth of Forth, Scotland. Biological Conservation 28: 173-180.

Canadian Wildlife Service Waterfowl Committee. 2015. Population Status of Migratory Game Birds in Canada. CWS Migratory Birds Regulatory Report .

Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. 2017. Greater Scaup (Aythya marila). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Drever, M.C., Clarck, R.G., Derksen, C., Slattery, S.M., Toose, P., Nudds, T.D. 2011. Population vulnerability to climate change linked to timing of breeding in boreal ducks. Global Change biology 18(2): 480-492.

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Fox, A. D., Jónsson, J. E., Aarvak, T., Bregnballe, T., Christensen, T. K., Clausen, K. K., Clausen, P., Dalby, L., Holm, T.E., Pavon-Jordan, D., Laursen, K., Lehikoinen, A., Lorentsen, S., Moller, A.P., Nordstrom, M., Ost, M., Soderquist, P., Therkildsen, O.R. 2015. Current and Potential Threats to Nordic Duck Populations — A Horizon Scanning Exercise. Annales Zoologici Fennici 52(4): 193-220.

Jensen, P.H. 2009. European Union management plan for Scaup Aythya marila 2009 – 2011. European Comission.

Johnsgard, P.A. 1978. Ducks, geese and swans of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

Kear, J. 2005. Ducks, geese and swans volume 2: species accounts (Cairina to Mergus). Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Kirby, J.; Evans, R.; Fox, A. D. 1993. Wintering seaducks in Britain and Ireland: Populations, threats, conservation and research priorities. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 3(2): 105-137.

Madge, S.; Burn, H. 1988. Wildfowl. Christopher Helm, London.

Mineyev, J. N. 1998. Dynamics of duck number in the East-European tundra. Acta Zoologica Lituanica 8: 48-51.

Mooij,J.H. 2005. Protection and use of waterbirds in the European Union. Beiträge zur Jagd-und Wildforschung 30: 49-76.

Riordan, B., Verbyla, D., & McGuire, A. D. 2006. Shrinking ponds in subarctic Alaska based on 1950–2002 remotely sensed images. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 111.

Scott, D. A.; Rose, P. M. 1996. Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and western Eurasia. Wetlands International, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Snow, D.W.; Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Sonntag, N., Schwemmer, H., Fock, H., Bellebaum, J. and Garthe, S. 2012. Seabirds, set nets and conservation management: assessment of conflict potential and vulnerability of birds to bycatch in gill nets. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(4): 578-589.

Steinacher M. , Joos, F., Frolicher, T.L., Plattner, G.K., Doney, S.C. 2009. Imminent ocean acidification in the Arctic projected with the NCAR global coupled carbon cycle-climate model. Biogeosciences 6(515-533).

Stewart, G. B., Pullin, A. S., & Coles, C. F. 2007. Poor evidence-base for assessment of windfarm impacts on birds. Environmental Conservation 34(1): 1-11.

Tucker, G.M.; Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: Their Conservation Status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Wetlands International. 2016. Waterbird Population Estimates. Available at: wpe.wetlands.org.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Duck Specialist Group

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Aythya marila. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/12/2019.