Greater Rhea Rhea americana


Bazzano, G., Giordano, P. F., Navarro, J. L., Martella, M. B. 2014. Linking landscape data with population viability analysis for evaluating translocation as a conservation strategy for Greater Rhea (Rhea americana) in central Argentina. Ornitología Neotropical 25: 25-35.

Bellis, L, Martella M. B. and Navarro J. L. 2004. Habitat use by wild and captive-reared greater rheas Rhea americana in agricultural landscapes in Argentina. Oryx 38(3): 304-310.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

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da Silva, J. M. C. 1995. Birds of the Cerrado Region, South America. Steenstrupia 21: 69-92.

del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Delsuc, F., Superina, M., Ferraris, G., Tilak, M.K. and Douzery, E.J.P. 2007. Molecular evidence for hybridisation between the two living species of South American ratites: potential conservation implications. Conserv. Genet. 8(2): 503–507.

Folch, A. 1992. Rheidai (Rheas). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 84-89. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

García-Erize, F., Gómez- Villafañe, I. E. 2016. Habitats selected by the endangered Greater Rhea (Rhea americana) - implications for conservation. Emu - Austral Ornithology 116(4): 379-386.

GBIF.org. 2022. GBIF Occurrence Download (12 August 2022): Rhea americana. Available at: https://doi.org/10.15468/dl.5rrdkp.

Giordano, P. F.; Bellis, L. M.; Navarro, J. L.; Martella, M. B. 2008. Abundance and spatial distribution of Greater Rhea Rhea americana in two sites on the pampas grasslands with different land use. Bird Conservation International 18(1): 63-70.

Giordano, P. F.; Navarro, J. L.; Martella, M. B. 2010. Building large-scale spatially explicit models to predict the distribution of suitable habitat patches for the Greater Rhea (Rhea americana), a Near-threatened species. Biological Conservation 143: 357-365.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 08 December 2022).

Kirwan, G. M., Korthals, A., Hodes, C. E. 2021. Greater Rhea (Rhea americana), version 2.0. Ithaca, NY, USA. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.grerhe1.02.

Lowen, J. C.; Bartrina, L.; Clay, R. P.; Tobias, J. A. 1996. Biological surveys and conservation priorities in eastern Paraguay (the final reports of Projects Canopy '92 and Yacutinga '95). CSB Conservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Parker, T.A., Stotz, D.F. and Fitzpatrick, J.W. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In: Stotz, D.F., Fitzpatrick, J.W., Parker, T.A. and Moskovits, D.K. (eds), Neotropical bird ecology and conservation, pp. 113-436. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Pedrana, J., Bernad, L., Maceira, N. O., Isacch, J. P. 2018. Niche overlap determination through habitat suitability models: A management tool for native birds of the Argentinean Pampas. Ardeola 65(1): 25-40.

SACC. 2008. Proposal (#348) to South American Classification Committee: Incluir Pterocnemia dentro de Rhea. Available at: https://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCprop348.htm.

Sick, H. 1993. Birds in Brazil: a natural history. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Stotz, D.F., Fitzpatrick, J.W., Parker, T.A. and Moskovits, D.K. 1996. Neotropical Birds: Ecology and Conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Vera-Cortez, M., Navarro, J. L., Martella, M. B. 2018. Effect of antipredator training on spatial behaviour of male and female Greater Rhea Rhea americana reintroduced into the wild. Acta Ornitologica 53(1): 81-90.

Further resources

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Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Rhea americana. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/greater-rhea-rhea-americana on 21/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 21/02/2024.