LC
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Knox, A.G., Collinson, M., Helbig, A.J., Parkin, D.T. and Sangster,G. 2002. Taxonomic recommendations for British birds. Ibis 144: 707-710.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 61,400,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 67,900,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16.3 - - -

Population justification: The overall population is estimated at 550,000-680,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 45,000-62,400 pairs, which equates to 89,900-125,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations may be stable (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant
Austria V Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus V Extant
Belgium V Extant
Botswana N Extant Yes
Bulgaria V Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
China (mainland) V Extant
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) V Extant
Comoros N Extant
Congo V Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Croatia V Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea V Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Eswatini V Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia N Extant
Germany V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hungary V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan V Extant
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho V Extant
Libya N Extant
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Maldives N Extant
Malta V Extant
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Mauritius V Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Mongolia V Extant
Montenegro V Extant
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant
Niger V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Réunion (to France) V Extant
Romania V Extant
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant
Russia (European) N Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Serbia V Extant
Seychelles N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Slovakia V Extant
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan V Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Uganda N Extant
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Pirsagat Islands and Los Island
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Tejo estuary
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Psili Ammos lagoon, Samos
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Mount Dikaios, lake Psalidi and Alyki lagoon, Kos
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles
Spain Mouth of the river Guadalhorce
Spain Conde, Chinche and Honda lakes
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Etang du Bagnas
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde
France Etang de Thau
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Camargue
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Basse vallée du Var
Italy Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero
Italy Casaraccio pool, Stintino saltpans and Pilo pool
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Marchesato and River Neto
Italy Diaccia Botrona
Italy Tarquinia saltpans
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon
Italy Circeo National Park
Italy Manfredonia Gulf wetlands
Italy Colostrai pool
Italy San Pietro and Sant'Antioco islands
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans
Italy Features of the coast between Cape Teulada and Cape Pula
Albania Narta Lagoon
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Madagascar Wetlands of the Tsiribihina delta and upper Tsiribihina river
Madagascar Lake Ihotry - Mangoky Delta Complex NPA
Namibia Mile 4 saltworks
Algeria Sebkhet Baker
Turkey Güllük Bay
Turkey Gökçeada Lagoon
Turkey Ayvalık
Turkey Bakırçay Delta
Afghanistan Dashte Nawar
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
South Africa Barberspan and Leeupan
India Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary
India Mahul - Sewree Creek
India Sambhar Lake
India Kaliveli Tank and Yeduyanthittu estuary
India Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Kura Delta
Azerbaijan Sahil settlement - Shelf factory
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Portugal Mondego Estuary
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Iles d'Hyères
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Incheh Borun lake and marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Monde Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khor Jask
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Jagin and Rud-i-Gabrik deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Iraq Haur Al Sa'adiyah
Kuwait Dawhat Kazima
Kuwait Ad-Doha Nature Reserve
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay
Kuwait Al-Jahra Pool Nature Reserve
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Oman Ras al Hadd
Oman Masirah island
Oman Duqm
Qatar Al-Dhakira mangrove
Qatar Al-Aliyah island
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Beidah
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
United Arab Emirates Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai)
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Turkmenistan Turkmenbashy Bay
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Turkmenistan Turkmen Bay
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkey Tersakan Lake
Turkmenistan Gurtli
Turkmenistan Kopetdagkhovudan
Bahrain Hawar Islands
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Turkey Seyfe Lake
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Kulu Lake
Turkey Bolluk Lake
Turkey Ceyhan Delta
Turkey Burdur Lake
Turkey Yarışlı Lake
Turkey Karataş Lake
Turkey Acıgöl Lake
Turkey Göksu Delta
Turkey Çöl Lake and Çalıkdüzü
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta
Turkey Gediz Delta
Turkey Erçek Lake
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Palmas Gulf wetlands
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Kazakhstan Kultansor and Tatysor Lakes
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Spain Ebro delta
Spain El Hondo wetland
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Wetlands of western Almería
Spain Fuente de Piedra, Gosque and Campillos lakes
Spain Cádiz bay
Spain Medina and Puerto Real lagoons
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons
South Africa Cape Whale Coast
Tunisia Oued Maltine
Tunisia Sebkhet Ariana
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Algeria Barrage de Boughzoul
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Tunisia Côte de Zerkine et El Grine
Kazakhstan Ural River Valley
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Greece Evros delta
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
United Arab Emirates Al Wathba
United Arab Emirates Abu Al Sayayif
United Arab Emirates Al Marmoom Desert
Mauritania Chott Boul
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Senegal Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons
Turkmenistan Sarygamysh
Turkmenistan Goyungyrlan
South Africa Devon Grasslands
Egypt Lake Bardawil
Tunisia Sebkhet Halk el Menzel
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Tunisia Chott Djerid
Algeria Sebkhet Djendli
Algeria Garaet et-Tarf
Algeria Sebkha d'Oran
Egypt Zaranik Protected Area
Egypt El Malaha
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park
Kenya Tana River Delta
Kenya Lake Turkana
Kenya Lake Bogoria National Reserve
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park
Libya Benghazi
Morocco Marais Larache
Morocco Sebkha Bou Areg
Morocco Merja Zerga
Morocco Sebkha Zima
Morocco Lagune de Khnifiss
Tunisia Ichkeul
Tunisia Lac de Tunis
Tunisia Sebkhet Sejoumi
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Khelifa
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Tunisia Salines de Monastir
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi El Hani
Tunisia Îles Kerkennah
Tunisia Garaet Douza
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour
Tunisia Côtes de l'Île de Djerba
Tunisia Golfe de Boughrara
Tunisia Lagune El Bibane
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós
Guinea-Bissau Cantanhez forests
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Senegal Parc National de Basse Casamance
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mauritania Diawling National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Neritic Estuaries major breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes major non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Phoenicopterus roseus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/08/2020.