LC
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 57,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 73000000-110999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 12,900,000-19,300,000 pairs, which equates to 25,800,000-38,600,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.35% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 73,700,000-110,300,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (EBCC 2015). In the short-term (2000-2012) the European population is estimated to have increased (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) V Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA V Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Alazani river valley
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area
Azerbaijan Akstafa-chai valley
Azerbaijan Mount Babadag
Azerbaijan Girkan forest
Azerbaijan Ismailly area
Azerbaijan Samur Delta
Azerbaijan Shamkhor area
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Romania Dobron forest
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Krunnit archipelago
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Spain Dos Ríos and Orba mountain ranges
Spain Tágara gully
Spain Arico pine woodland
Spain Vilaflor pine woodland
Spain Tamadaba pine woodland
Spain Pajonales, Ojeda, Inagua and La Data pine woodlands
Spain Tauro pine woodland
Spain Tirajana pine woodland
Ukraine Cape Martiyan
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Marais de Sacy
France Forêt de Jugny
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Forêts domaniales de Corse
France Vallée du Verghello
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre
France Forêt de Chaux
France Plaine des Maures
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Bois des Ayes
France Bois du Chapitre
France Bois de Palayson, du Rouet et de Malvoisin
Italy Gran Paradiso
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Montenegro Durmitor
Russia (Central Asian) Ir valley
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtuguz Lake
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Ukraine Reservoir on r. Chechva with territories adjacent
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Luosto
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Ruissalo
Germany Forests south of Wolfsburg
Germany Elbe lowlands near Bertingen
Spain Mountains of Barcelona
Armenia Jermook
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Boreal suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Forest Temperate major resident
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Dendrocopos major. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/07/2020.