Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis


Bachan, A.K.H., Kannan, R., Muraleedharan, S. and Kumar, S. 2011. Participatory conservation and monitoring of Great hornbills and Malabar pied hornbills with the involvement of endemic Kadar tribe in the Anamalai hills of southern Western Ghats, India. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 24: 37-43.

Birand, A; Pawar, S. 2004. An ornithological survey in north-east India. Forktail: 15-24.

Chang, X., Quan, R. and Wang, L. 2013. Bird conservation in extremely small tropical rainforest patches in southwest China. Biological Conservation 158: 188-195.

Datta, A. 1998. Hornbill abundance in unlogged forest, selectively logged forest and a forest plantation in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Oryx 32: 285-294.

Datta, A. and Rawat, G.S. 2003. Foraging patterns of sympatric hornbills during the nonbreeding season in Arunachal Pradesh, Northeast India. Biotropica 35: 208-218.

Eames, J. C. 2008. Rufous-necked and Great Hornbills confiscated in Myanmar. The Babbler: BirdLife in Indochina: 15.

eBird. 2017. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [web application]. eBird, Ithaca, New York. Available: (Accessed: January 9, 2017).

Gale, G.A. and Thongaree S. 2006. Density estimates of nine hornbill species in a lowland forest site in Northern Thailand. Bird Conservation International 16: 57-69.

Goes, F. 2013. The Birds of Cambodia: An Annotated Checklist. Centre for Biodiversity Conservation, Fauna and Flora International Cambodia Programme and Royal University of Phnom Penh, Phnom Penh.

James, D.A., Bachan, A.K.H. and Kannan, R. 2011. Installation of artificial nest cavities for the endangered Great hornbill: a pilot study in southern India. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 24: 73-76.

Jensen, S. B. 2008. Modernes Kennenlernen bei Hornvögeln. Gefiederte Welt 132(6): 32.

Kannan, R. and James, D.A. 1999. Fruiting phenology and the conservation of the Great Pied Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) in the Western Ghats of Southern India. Biotropica 31: 167-177.

Keartumsom, Y., Chimchome, V., Poonswad, P., Pattanavibool, A., and Pongpattananurak, N. 2011. Home range of Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis Linnaeus, 1758) and Wreathed Hornbill (Rhyticeros undulatus (Shaw) 1881) in non-breeding season at Khao Yai National Park, Nakhon Ratchasima Province. Journal of Wildlife in Thailand 18: 47-55.

Kemp, A.C. & Boesman, P. 2017. Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Available at: Accessed: 15th February 2017.

King, B., Buck, H., Ferguson, R., Fisher, T., Goblet, C., Nickel, H. and Suter, W. 2001. Birds recorded during two expeditions to North Myanmar (Burma). Forktail 17: 29-40.

Mudappa, D. and Rahman, T. R.S. 2009. A conservation status survey of hornbills (Bucerotidae) in the Western Ghats, India. Indian Birds 5(4): 90-102.

Naniwadekar, R., Mishra, C., Isvaran, K., Madhusudan, M. D., and Datta, A. 2015. Looking beyond parks: the conservation value of unprotected areas for hornbills in Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalaya. Oryx 49: 303-311.

Naniwadekar, R.; Datta, A.; Raghunath, R.; Karthik, T.; Ghosalkar, M.; Borah, B.;Lotha, L. 2018. Hornbill distribution in a biodiversity hotspot: occupancy modelling for hornbills in north-east India. Forest Departments of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Nagaland and Mizoram.

Naniwadekar, R.; Mishra, C.; A., and Datta, A. . 2015b. Fruit resource tracking by hornbill species at multiple scales in a tropical forest in India. Journal of Tropical Ecology 31(477-490).

Pasuwan, C., Pattanakiat, S., Navanugraha, C., Chimchome, V., Madsri, S., Rattanarungsikul, P., Thiensongrusamee, P., Boonsriroj, T. and Poonswad, P. 2011. An assessment on artificial nest construction for hornbills in Budo Sungai Padi National Park, Thailand. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 24: 85-93.

Pattanavibool, A.; Dearden, P.; Kutintara, U. 2004. Habitat fragmentation in north Thailand: a case study. Bird Conservation International 14: S13-S22.

Poonswad, P. 1995. Nest site characteristics of four sympatric species of hornbills in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Ibis 137: 183–191.

Poonswad, P. and A. Tsuji, A. 1994. Ranges of male of the Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis, Brown Hornbill Ptilolaemus tickelli and Wreathed Hornbill Aceros undulatus in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Ibis 136: 79-86.

Poonswad, P., A. C. Kemp, and M. Strange. 2013. Hornbills of the world: A photographic guide. Draco Publishing and Distributions Pte. Ltd.,Singapore and Hornbill Research Foundation, Thailand.

Poonswad, P., Sukkasem, C., Phataramata, S., Hayeemuida, S., Plongmai, K., Chuailua, P., Thiensongrusame, P. and Jirawatkavi, N. 2005. Comparison of cavity modification and community involvement as strategies for hornbill conservation in Thailand. Biological Conservation 122(3): 385-393.

Poonswad, P.; Tsuji, A.; Jirawatkavi, N.; Chimchome, V. 1998. Some aspects of food and feeding ecology of sympatric hornbills in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. In: Poonswad, P. (ed.), The Asian Hornbills: Ecology and Conservation, pp. 137-157. Biodiversity Research and Training Program, Bangkok.

Poonswad, P.; Tsuji, A.; Ngampongsai, C. 1987. A comparative study on breeding biology of sympatric hornbill species (Bucerotidae) in Thailand with implications for breeding in captivity. Proceedings Jean Delacour / IFCB Symposium on breeding birds in captivity, pp. 250-315. International Foundation for the Conservation of Birds, California.

Rahmani, A.R. 2012. Threatened Birds of India - Their Conservation Requirements. Oxford University Press.

Rane, A. and Datta, A. 2015. Protecting a hornbill haven: a community-based conservation initiative in Arunachal Pradesh, northeast India. Malayan Nature Journal 67(2): 203-218.

Spierenburg, P. 2005. Birds in Bhutan: status and distribution. Oriental Bird Club, Bedford, U.K.

Tracewski, L.; Butchart, S.H.M.; Di Marco, M.; Ficetola, G.F.; Rondinini, C.; Symes, A.; Wheatley, H.; Beresford, A.E.; Buchanan, G.M. 2016. Toward quantification of the impact of 21st-century deforestation on the extinction risk of terrestrial vertebrates. Conservation Biology.

Trisurat, Y.; Chimchome, V.; Pattanavibool, A.; Jinamoy, S.; Thongaree, S.; Kanchanasakha, B.; Simcharoen, S.; Sribuarod, K.; Mahannop, N.; Poonswad. P. 2013. An assessment of the distribution and conservation status of hornbill species in Thailand. Oryx 47: 441-450.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Hornbill Specialist Group

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Buceros bicornis. Downloaded from on 03/12/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/12/2020.