LC
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Lanius excubitor, L. borealis and L. meridionalis (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as L. excubitor following AOU (1998 and supplements), Cramp et al. (1977-1994), Dowsett and Forbes-Watson (1993) and Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 60 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 54,000,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 52,300,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified. In Europe, the breeding population has estimated to number c.69,000-176,000 pairs (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: Data suggest that the species is decreasing in Asia (Yosef and International Shrike Working Group 2016). Following the taxonomic change, in Europe and the EU27 the population size is estimated to be roughly stable over 12 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015). Therefore, the species is tentatively assessed as declining, although this is thought to be only a very slow decline, pending further information.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant
Algeria N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus V Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea V Extant
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia V Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Malta V Extant
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant
Morocco N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes Yes
Spain N Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Kaz'jany
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Novaraistis State Ornithological Reserve
Estonia Laukasoo bog
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa
Estonia Soomaa
Estonia Puhatu mire
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Meenikunno bog
Estonia Meelva bog
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Belgium Vijverkomplex van Midden Limburg
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Lake Solgen
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Oswin site
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Litokaira
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Tápió valley
Russia (European) Budnyanski mire
Russia (European) Nerussa - Desna woodland
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans
Russia (European) Khrenovski forest
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest
Russia (European) Gavan'skie oak-forest
Russia (European) Kaluzhskiye Zaseki Nature Reserve
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Turiya river valley
Ukraine Cheremske mire
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Montagne de la Serre
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Bassigny
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Forêt de Chaux
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Etang de Lindre
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Fresnes-en-Woëvre-Mars-la-Tour
France Bazoncourt-Vigy
France Forêt de la Reine
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Gorges du Gardon
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel
France Camargue
France Crau
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Plateau de Valensole
France Plaine des Maures
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Marais de Sacy
France Marais de la Souche
France Basse Ardêche
France Plaine du Forez
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
Italy Lake Candia
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Ticino river
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Luxembourg Aspelt - Lannebur, am Kessel
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia Doupov hills
Georgia Iori Region
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia Tatry
Slovakia Horná Orava
Slovakia Tríbeč
Slovakia Riečnica
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Spišská Magura
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Federseeried
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Ammersee
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Zerbster Land
Germany Landgraben-Dumme lowlands
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Hellwegbörde
Germany Herbsleben ponds
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Wet grasslands and forests around Burbach
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Groß Fullener Moor
Germany Leeg-, Melm- and Kuhdammoor
Germany Jammertal
Germany Südradde lowlands
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Murnauer Moos and Loisach-Kochel-Moore
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany High Westerwald around Driedorf
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Knüll
Germany Waldeck upland
Germany Kellerwald
Germany Hessian Rothaar mountains
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Northern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Lüneburger Heide
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Jordan Shaumari
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Retzower Heide
Germany Thülsfeld reservoir
Germany Engdener Wüste
Germany Gildehauser Venn
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Military training area Munster-Nord
Germany Nemitzer Heide
Germany Military training area Munster-Süd
Germany Unterlüß / Kiehnmoor
Germany Mittleres Wietingsmoor
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Elbe lowlands near Bertingen
Germany Farmlands Prignitz with Stepenitz valley (BB) and eastern Grabow (MV)
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Zschornoer Heide
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Gohrischheide
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Elzniederung between Kenzingen and Rust
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers
Russia (European) Bryansko-Zhizdrinskoye woodland
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Janka river floodplain
Estonia Kikepera
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Lavassaare
Estonia Muraka
Estonia Agusalu
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Russia (European) Marshes near Pavlovskoye Zaoch'ye and adjoining floodplain of Oka river
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Ukraine Buzhok river valley (Anastavtsi)
Ukraine Voloshans'ka dacha
Ukraine Komisarovskyj Forest
Ukraine Urochysche Mushevo
Luxembourg Valley of the Trëtterbaach
Luxembourg Valley of the Attert
Luxembourg Region of Junglinster
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler
Luxembourg Region of the Middle Lias
Luxembourg Region of Schuttrange, Canach, Lenningen and Gostingen
Luxembourg Valley of Trintange
Luxembourg Valley of the Woltz
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Sweden Lake Ralången – Lake Hyllingen
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Sweden Bay of Rynninge

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry major breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Lanius excubitor. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2021.