EN
Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus



References

Alvarez, M.D. 2002. Illicit crops and bird conservation priorities in Colombia. Conservation Biology 16: 1086-1096.

Benítez, V.; Jahn, O.; Valenzuela, P. M.; Berg, K. 2002. Guacamayo Verde Mayor (Ara ambigua). In: Granizo, T.; Pacheco, C.; Ribadeira, M. B.; Guerrero, M.; Suárez, L. (ed.), Libro rojo de las aves del Ecuador, pp. 83-84. SIMBIOE/Conservation International, Quito.

Berg, K. S.; Horstman, E. 1996. The Great Green Macaw Ara ambigua guayaquilensis in Ecuador: first nest with young. Cotinga: 53-54.

Berg, K. S.; Socola, J.; Angel, R. R. 2007. Great Green Macaws and the annual cycle of their food plants in Ecuador. Journal of Field Ornithology 78(1): 1-10.

Chassot, O.; Monge, A. G.; Ruiz, M. A.; Mariscal, P. T. 2006. Binational campaign about the ecology of Ara Ambiguus, Nicaragua-Costa Rica. Wings without borders: IV North American Ornithological Conference, October 3-7, 2006, Veracruz, Mexico, pp. 58. American Ornithologists' Union, Waco, TX, USA.

Chassot, O.; Monge, G.; Alemán, U.; Powell, G.; Palminteri, S. 2002. Lapa Verde - estable pero inviable. Ciencias Ambientales 24: 18-23.

Collar, N. J.; Butchart, S. H. M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

Collar, N.; Boesman, P.; Sharpe, C.J. 2016. Great Green Macaw (Ara ambiguus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Coopmans, P.; Moore, J. V.; Krabbe, N.; Jahn, O.; Berg, K. S.; Lysinger, M.; Navarrete, L.; Ridgely, R. S. 2004. The birds of southwest Ecuador. John V. Moore Nature Recordings, San Jose, USA.

Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund. 2001. Corredor de conservación Chocó-Manabí, ecorregión terrestre prioritaria del Chocó-Darién-Ecuador occidental (hotspot). Available at: #http://www.cepf.net/xp/cepf/static/pdfs/CEPF.Spanish.Choco-Darien.Choco-Manabi.factsheet.pdf#.

European Association of Zoos and Aquaria. EEPs and ESBs. Available at: http://www.eaza.net/activities/cp/Pages/EEPs.aspx.

Fjeldså, J.; Krabbe, N.; Ridgely, R. S. 1987. Great Green Macaw Ara ambigua collected in northwest Ecuador with taxonomic comments on Ara militaris. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 107: 28-31.

Food & Agriculture Organisation. 2001. Global forest resources assessment 2000: main report. FAO, Rome.

Hilty, S. L.; Brown, W. L. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Jahn, O. 2001. Integrating biological data into development projects: threatened bird species and management plans for sustainable forestry in the Province of Esmeraldas, Ecuador. In: Rhoades, R. E.; Stallings, J. (ed.), Integrating conservation and development in Tropical America: experiences and lessons in linking communities and policies, pp. 39-54. SANREM CRSP and CARE, Athens, GA, USA.

Jahn, O. in press. Bird communities of the Ecuadorian Chocó: a case study for conservation. Bonner Zoologische Monographien 56.

Jahn, O.; Moore, J. V.; Valenzuela, P. M.; Krabbe, N.; Coopmans, P.; Lysinger, M.; Ridgely, R. S. 2002. The Birds of Northwest Ecuador Volume II: the lowlands and lower foothills. John V. Moore Nature Recordings, San Jose, USA.

Juniper, T.; Parr, M. 1998. Parrots: a guide to the parrots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Krabbe, N.; Nilsson, J. 2003. Birds of Ecuador: sounds and photographs. Bird Songs International, Westernieland, Netherlands.

Lopez-Lanus, B., Laverde, O., Omena, R. and Olarte, L.G. 1999. New records of pale-footed swallow Notiochelidon flavipes in the Cordillera Central, Colombia. Cotinga 12: 72.

Low, R. 1995. The endangered Buffon's Macaw. PsittaScene 7(1): 5-7.

Monge, G.; Chassot, O.; Cháves, H.; Rodríguez, J.E.; Gutiérrrez- Espeleta, G.; Traylor-Holzer, K.; Matamoros, Y. 2009. Taller de Conservación de la Guacamaya Verde (Ara ambiguus) Evaluación de Viabilidad Poblacional y de Hábitat (PHVA). Estación Biologíca La Selva Heredia, Costa Rica, 22 al 26 de setiembre, 2008. Informe Final.

Pople, R. G.; Burfield, I. J.; Clay, R. P.; Cope, D. R.; Kennedy, C. P.; López Lanús, B.; Reyes, J.; Warren, B.; Yagual, E. 1997. Bird surveys and conservation status of three sites in western Ecuador: final report of Project Ortalis '96. CSB Publications, Cambridge, UK.

Powell, G. V. N.; Bjork, R.; Montero, S.; Aleman, U. 1995. Intratropical migration by Ara ambigua: identifying habitat heterogeneity and linkages to protect biodiversity in lowland tropical wet forest of Central America.

Powell, G.; Wright, P.; Alemán, U.; Guindon, C.; Palminteri, S.; Bjork, R. 1999. Resultados y recomendaciones para la conservación de la lapa verde (Ara ambigua) en Costa Rica.

Robbins, M. B.; Parker, T. A.; Allen, S. E. 1985. The avifauna of Cerro Pirre, Darién, eastern Panama. In: Buckley, P.A. (ed.), Neotropical Ornothology, pp. 198-232. American Ornithologist's Union, Washington D.C.

Ross, D. L.; Whitney, B. M. 1995. Voices of Costa Rican birds: Caribbean slope. Library of Natural Sounds, Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Ithaca, USA.

Sharpe, C. J. 1999. A rapid biodiversity assessment of the San Lorenzo - Ventanas area, Esmeraldas, north-west Ecuador, 27 November - 14 December 1998. Fauna and Flora International.

Snyder, N.; McGowan, P.; Gilardi, J.; Grajal, A. 2000. Parrots: status survey and conservation action plan 2000-2004. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Stattersfield, A. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Long, A. J.; Wege, D. C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Whitney, B. M.; Parker, T. A.; Budney, G. F.; Munn, C. A.; Bradbury, J. W. 2002. Voices of New World Parrots. Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, New York.

Further resources

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Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Ara ambiguus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/06/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/06/2019.