CR
Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus



References

Alvarez, M.D. 2002. Illicit crops and bird conservation priorities in Colombia. Conservation Biology 16: 1086-1096.

Benítez, V.; Jahn, O.; Valenzuela, P. M.; Berg, K. 2002. Guacamayo Verde Mayor (Ara ambigua). In: Granizo, T.; Pacheco, C.; Ribadeira, M. B.; Guerrero, M.; Suárez, L. (ed.), Libro rojo de las aves del Ecuador, pp. 83-84. SIMBIOE/Conservation International, Quito.

Berg, K. S.; Horstman, E. 1996. The Great Green Macaw Ara ambigua guayaquilensis in Ecuador: first nest with young. Cotinga: 53-54.

Berg, K. S.; Socola, J.; Angel, R. R. 2007. Great Green Macaws and the annual cycle of their food plants in Ecuador. Journal of Field Ornithology 78(1): 1-10.

Botero-Delgadillo, E.; Páez, C. A. 2011. Estado actual del conocimiento y conservación de los loros amenazados de Colombia. Conservación Colombiana 14: 86-151.

Chassot, O.; Monge, A. G.; Ruiz, M. A.; Mariscal, P. T. 2006. Binational campaign about the ecology of Ara Ambiguus, Nicaragua-Costa Rica. Wings without borders: IV North American Ornithological Conference, October 3-7, 2006, Veracruz, Mexico, pp. 58. American Ornithologists' Union, Waco, TX, USA.

Chassot, O.; Monge, G.; Alemán, U.; Powell, G.; Palminteri, S. 2002. Lapa Verde - estable pero inviable. Ciencias Ambientales 24: 18-23.

Coopmans, P.; Moore, J. V.; Krabbe, N.; Jahn, O.; Berg, K. S.; Lysinger, M.; Navarrete, L.; Ridgely, R. S. 2004. The birds of southwest Ecuador. John V. Moore Nature Recordings, San Jose, USA.

Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund. 2001. Corredor de conservación Chocó-Manabí, ecorregión terrestre prioritaria del Chocó-Darién-Ecuador occidental (hotspot). Available at: #http://www.cepf.net/xp/cepf/static/pdfs/CEPF.Spanish.Choco-Darien.Choco-Manabi.factsheet.pdf#.

Fjeldså, J.; Krabbe, N.; Ridgely, R. S. 1987. Great Green Macaw Ara ambigua collected in northwest Ecuador with taxonomic comments on Ara militaris. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 107: 28-31.

Food & Agriculture Organisation. 2001. Global forest resources assessment 2000: main report. FAO, Rome.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Jahn, O.; Moore, J. V.; Valenzuela, P. M.; Krabbe, N.; Coopmans, P.; Lysinger, M.; Ridgely, R. S. 2002. The Birds of Northwest Ecuador Volume II: the lowlands and lower foothills. John V. Moore Nature Recordings, San Jose, USA.

Juniper, T.; Parr, M. 1998. Parrots: a guide to the parrots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Krabbe, N.; Nilsson, J. 2003. Birds of Ecuador: sounds and photographs. Bird Songs International, Westernieland, Netherlands.

Lopez-Lanus, B., Laverde, O., Omena, R. and Olarte, L.G. 1999. New records of pale-footed swallow Notiochelidon flavipes in the Cordillera Central, Colombia. Cotinga 12: 72.

Macaw Recovery Network. 2019. Great Green Macaw roost count, October 2019. Macaw Recovery Network.

Macaw Recovery Network. 2020. Great Green Macaw (Ara ambiguus) wild breeding. Macaw Recovery Network.

Monge, G. Chassot, O., Ramírez, O., Alemán, I. and Figueroa, A. 2010. Censo poblacional durante el periodo reproductivo de la subpoblación de Ara ambiguus en el sureste de Nicaragua y norte de Costa Rica 2009. Zeledonia 14(2): 12-24.

Pople, R.G.; Burfield, I.J.; Clay, R.P.; Cope, D.R.; Kennedy, C.P.; López Lanús, B.; Reyes, J.; Warren, B.; Yagual, E. 1997. Bird surveys and conservation status of three sites in western Ecuador: final report of Project Ortalis '96. CSB Publications, Cambridge, UK.

Portillo Reyes, H. O.; Elvir, F.; Manzanares, T.; Martínez, M. 2018. La Guara Verde (Ara ambiguus) en Honduras: notas sobre su distribución, hábitat y amenazas. Huitzil, Revista Mexicana de Ornitología 19(1): 120-130.

Powell, G. V. N.; Bjork, R.; Montero, S.; Aleman, U. 1995. Intratropical migration by Ara ambigua: identifying habitat heterogeneity and linkages to protect biodiversity in lowland tropical wet forest of Central America.

Renjifo, L.M.; Gómez, M.F.; Velásquez-Tibatá, J.; Amaya-Villarreal, A.M.; Kattan, G.H.; Amaya-Espinel, J.D.; Burbano-Girón, J. 2014. Libro rojo de aves de Colombia, Volumen I: bosques húmedos de los Andes y la costa Pacífica. Editorial Pontificia Universidad Javeriana & Instituto Alexander von Humboldt, Bogotá D.C., Colombia.

Robbins, M. B.; Parker, T. A.; Allen, S. E. 1985. The avifauna of Cerro Pirre, Darién, eastern Panama. In: Buckley, P.A. (ed.), Neotropical Ornothology, pp. 198-232. American Ornithologist's Union, Washington D.C.

Ross, D. L.; Whitney, B. M. 1995. Voices of Costa Rican birds: Caribbean slope. Library of Natural Sounds, Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Ithaca, USA.

Sharpe, C. J. 1999. A rapid biodiversity assessment of the San Lorenzo - Ventanas area, Esmeraldas, north-west Ecuador, 27 November - 14 December 1998. Fauna and Flora International.

Snyder, N.; McGowan, P.; Gilardi, J.; Grajal, A. 2000. Parrots: status survey and conservation action plan 2000-2004. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Stattersfield, A.J., Crosby, M.J., Long, A.J. and Wege, D.C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Whitney, B. M.; Parker, T. A.; Budney, G. F.; Munn, C. A.; Bradbury, J. W. 2002. Voices of New World Parrots. Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, New York.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Ara ambiguus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/10/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/10/2022.