Great Curassow Crax rubra


Arguedas, N.; Mayer, P.; Milligan, D.; Nordstrom, L. 1997. Plan de recuperación para Crax rubra en Costa Rica. In: Strahl, S.D.; Beaujon, S.; Brooks, D.M.; Begazo, A.J.; Sedaghatkish, G.; Olmos, F. (ed.), The Cracidae: their biology and conservation, pp. 249-262. Hancock House Publishers, Surrey, BC, Canada and Blaine, WA, USA.

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Brooks, D.M. 2006. Conserving cracids: the most threatened family of birds in the Americas. Houston Museum of Natural Science, Houston, TX, U.S.A.

Brooks, D.M.; Strahl, S.D. 2000. Cracids: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN Gland, Switzerland.

Caballero, C. P.; Martínez-Morales, M. A.;. 2006. Population status and habitat preferences of Crax rubrua griscomi in Cozumel Island, Mexico. Wings without borders: IV North American Ornithological Conference, October 3-7, 2006, Veracruz, Mexico, pp. 50. American Ornithologists' Union, Waco, TX, USA.

del Hoyo, J. 1994. Cracidae (Chachalacas, Guans and Curassows). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 310-363. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

del Hoyo, J.; Kirwan, G.M. 2020. Great Curassow (Crax rubra), version 1.0. Ithaca, NY, USA

Howell, S.N.G.; Webb, S. 1995. A guide to the Birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Martínez-Morales, M. A. 1996. The Cozumel Curassow: abundance, habitat preference and conservation. Thesis. M.Phil., Cambridge University.

Martínez-Morales, M.A. 1999. Conservation status and habitat preferences of the Cozumel Curassow. Condor 101: 14-20.

Miller, B. W.; Miller, C. M. 1997. Avian risk assessment: bird species of conservation concern (Belize).

Partners in Flight. 2019. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2019. Available at:

Pérez-Irineo, G.; Santos‐Moreno, A. 2017. Occupancy, relative abundance, and activity patterns of Great Curassow (Crax rubra) in southeastern Mexico. Ornitología Neotropical 28: 313-320.

Radachowsky, J. and Ramos, V. H. 2004. Effects of Human Access on Wildlife in the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Northern Guatemala. Monitoring ecological integrity of the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Petén, Guatemala. Wildlife Conservation Society.

Radachowsky, J., García, R., Cordova, W., Aguirre, O., Marroquin, C., Dubón, T., Cordova, F., Funes, S., López, J., García, G., Oliva, F., Orellana, G., Tut, H., Manzaneros, A., Cordova, E. and Hernandez, P. 2004. Effects of Certified Logging on Wildlife in Community and Industrial Forest Concessions of Northern Guatemala. Monitoring ecological integrity of the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Petén, Guatemala. Wildlife Conservation Society.

Sibley, C.G. & Monroe, B.L. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Throp, J.L. 1964. The Curassows: Who they are, how they are kept and bred. Avicultural Magazine 70(4): 123-133.

Tracewski, L.; Butchart, S.H.M.; Di Marco, M.; Ficetola, G.F.; Rondinini, C.; Symes, A.; Wheatley, H.; Beresford, A.E. and Buchanan, G.M. 2016. Toward quantification of the impact of 21st-century deforestation on the extinction risk of terrestrial vertebrates. Conservation Biology 30(5): 1070-1079.

Vannini, J. P.; Rockstroh, P. M. 1997. The status of cracids in Guatemala. In: Strahl, S.D.; Beaujon, S.; Brooks, D.M.; Begazo, A.J.; Sedaghatkish, G.; Olmos, F. (ed.), The cracidae: their biology and conservation, pp. 326-334. Hancock House Publishers, Surrey, Canada and Blaine, USA.

Whitworth, A.; Beirne, C.; Flatt, E.; Huarcaya, R. P.; Diaz, J. C. C.; Forsyth, A.; Molnár, P. K.; Vargas Soto, J. S. 2018. Secondary forest is utilized by Great Curassows (Crax rubra) and Great Tinamous (Tinamus major) in the absence of hunting. The Condor 120(4): 852-862.

Zepeda, R. F. 2006. Captive breeding and reintroduction of Greater Curassow (Crax rubra) in Nicoya Peninsula, Cost Rica. Bulletin of the Cracid Specialist Group 22: 26-30.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Galliformes Specialist Group

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Crax rubra. Downloaded from on 16/01/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/01/2021.