LC
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 183,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 189,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 609999-997000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.915,000-1,400,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 330,000-498,000 pairs, which equates to 660,000-997,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). In Europe the population is estimated to be declining moderately rapidly (BirdLife International 2015, EBCC 2018).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Australia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burundi V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes Yes
Eswatini V Extant
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) U Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Indonesia V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho V Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Mali V Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Monaco N Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
New Zealand N Extant Yes
Nigeria V Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman V Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
San Marino N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal V Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
North Macedonia Lake Prespa
Azerbaijan Kura Delta
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Beresina
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Paliessie fish farm
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Kretuonas Landscape Reserve
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Flooded coastal meadows near Tyrai bog
Lithuania Lake Kasonys and adjacent wetlands
Lithuania The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes
Lithuania Cedasas Lake
Lithuania Zaltytis
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Estonia Haapsalu-Noarootsi bays
Estonia Relict lakes of southern Saaremaa
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Lahepera lake
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Pape
Latvia Babite lake
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Lake Taşaul
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Rotbav fish-ponds
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Cursul Dunării - Baziaş - Porţile de Fier
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Comana
Romania Lake Fundata
Romania Fizes valley
Romania Blahniţa
Romania Mehedinti fish-ponds-Gârla Mare
Romania Mehedinti fish-ponds-Gruia
Ireland Lough Oughter
Ireland Inner Galway Bay
Ireland Cork Harbour
Ireland Lough Sheelin
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
Turkey Küçükçekmece Basin
Turkey Bafa Lake
Sweden Lake Tåkern
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Lundåkra Bight
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Archipelago of Stockholm
Sweden Fjord of Stig
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Starzawa ponds
Poland Oswin site
Poland Slup reservoir
Poland Slupia River Valley
Greece Lakes Vegoritis and Petron
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Mount Athos and surrounding marine area
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Artzan reservoir
Greece Evros delta
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece Lake Amvrakia
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Netherlands Steile Bank and Mokkebank
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Markiezaat
Netherlands Veerse Meer
Netherlands Markermeer & IJmeer
Netherlands Lake Gooimeer
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Keski-Kallavesi and Kuhanen Lake
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Khoper river near Il'men' lake
Russia (European) South-eastern coast of Lake Ladoga
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Kostroma river
Russia (European) Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas
Russia (European) Surski reservoir
Russia (European) Suskanski Bay of Kuybyshev Resrvoir
Russia (European) Berezoviye islands of Vyborg Bay
Russia (European) Kurgalski Peninsula
Russia (European) Danilovskoe marshes
Spain Bornos reservoir
Spain River Ebro dam
Spain Redbeeds and copses of Aranjuez
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Sasyk lake
Ukraine Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni
Ukraine Burshtyns'ke reservoir
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Teterivs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Rzhyschivs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays
Ukraine Tyligul's'kyj lyman
Ukraine Jansheijs'ke lake
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Cape Martiyan
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Budats'kyj lyman
Ukraine Sul's'ka bay
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Kanivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Kytaj lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Stanychno-Lugans'ke fish-farm
Ukraine Dranyts'kyj protected locality
Ukraine Dgulyn lake
Ukraine Fishponds near Kukil'nyky village
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Kozats'ki islands)
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Chonovyny marsh
Ukraine Vovk river valley
Ukraine Solonyj Lyman lake
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Domaine d'Orx
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Littoral Augeron
France Forêts du Perche
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Iles de la Colombière, de la Nellière et des Haches
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Vilaine
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Quiberon
France Baie de Goulven
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Blois
France Brenne centrale
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Bassée et plaines adjacentes
France Etang et Forêt de Villefermoy
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etang de Lindre
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Etang des Landes
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Vallée de la Garonne : Moissac
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Cap Gris-nez
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Camargue
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais de Sacy
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Val de Saône
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Plaine du Forez
France Ile de la Platière
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
France Etangs de Sologne: étang de l'Arche
France Marais de Fontenay-le-Vicomte et d'Itteville
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Crau
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp
France Marais de la Souche
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir
United Kingdom Avon Valley
United Kingdom Belfast Lough
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
United Kingdom Breckland
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Cameron Reservoir
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Castle Loch, Lochmaben
United Kingdom Chesil Beach and the Fleet
United Kingdom Chew Valley
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Dyfi Estuary/Aber Dyfi
United Kingdom Deben Estuary
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Dundrum Inner Bay
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom Eden Estuary, Tentsmuir Point and Abertay Sands
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Flanders Moss and Lake of Menteith
United Kingdom Gladhouse Reservoir
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Hornsea Mere
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Inner Clyde
United Kingdom Killough Bay
United Kingdom Larne Lough
United Kingdom Lea Valley
United Kingdom Loch Ken and Dee Marshes
United Kingdom Loch Leven
United Kingdom Loch Lomond
United Kingdom Loch of Kinnordy
United Kingdom Loch of Lintrathen
United Kingdom Loch of Inch and Torrs Warren
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Lough Neagh and Lough Beg
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Montrose Basin
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom Nene Washes
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors
United Kingdom North Yorkshire Moors
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Outer Ards
United Kingdom Pagham Harbour
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Portsmouth Harbour
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Rutland Water
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors
United Kingdom South Tayside Goose Roosts
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stodmarsh
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Swansea Bay - Blackpill
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Tay - Isla Valley
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Traeth Lafan, Conwy Bay
United Kingdom Upper Lough Erne
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Benacre to Easton Bavents
United Kingdom Loch Ryan
United Kingdom North Wales Coast
United Kingdom Suffolk Sandlings
United Kingdom Breydon Water
United Kingdom Guernsey Shoreline
Italy Vico lake
Italy Lake Trasimeno
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy Vincheto di Cellarda
Italy Po Delta
Italy Lake Alviano
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino
Italy Rieti lakes
Italy Lake Bracciano and surrounding areas
Italy Lake Candia
Italy Lake Garda
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Romania Bistreţ
Romania Black Sea
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Kiel Bay and adjacent waters
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Danube loess bluffs
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Slovakia Senné
Slovakia Danube floodplains
Serbia Labudovo okno
Serbia Mala Vrbica
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Poland Puck Bay
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Versoix and Hermance to Geneva
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Rolle to Céligny
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Grangettes
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore
Germany Starnberger See
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Mühlenberger Loch
Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Ammersee
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Grosshartmannsdorfer Grossteich
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Isles of Oie and Kirr
Germany Island of Usedom
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Niers valley
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Alfsee
Germany Stechlin
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Southern shore of Eckernförder Bucht
Germany Selenter See
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Grosser and Kleiner Binnensee
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Obersee: Schachener Bucht
Germany Rothenbach pond
Germany Rhein: Greffern-Murgmündung-Neuburgweier
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Lake Überlingen of Lake Constance
Germany Rhine flats Karlsruhe - Rheinsheim
Germany Outer Wismarbucht
Germany Pomeranian bay
Germany Usedom lagoon (Peenestrom, Achterwasser, Kleines Haff with Neuwarper See)
Norway Lake Vansjø
Belgium Nordzee
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Vrana Lake and Jasen
Croatia Nasicka Breznica fish-ponds
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Montenegro Lake Skadar
South Africa Grasslands
South Africa Barberspan and Leeupan
South Africa Spitskop Dam
South Africa Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves
South Africa Verlorenvlei Estuary
South Africa Rietvlei Wetland: Table Bay Nature Reserve
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve
South Africa Cape Whale Coast
South Africa De Hoop Nature Reserve
Denmark Ronne Banke
Poland Pomeranian bay
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Vasylivka village)
Israel Lake Kinneret and Kinerot
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dorudsan dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Saudi Arabia Gulf of Salwah
Russia (European) Southern coast of the Neva bay
Russia (European) North-western subburbs of St.-Petersburg
Russia (European) Vyborgski Bay
China (mainland) Gongping Dahu Nature Reserve
Mongolia Achit Lake
Mongolia Uvs Lake
Mongolia Airag Lake
Mongolia Baga and Bayan Lakes
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Mongolia Khar Lake
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake
Mongolia Orog Lake
Mongolia Santmargatsyn Bayan Lake
Mongolia Khovsgol Lake
Mongolia Ogii Lake
Mongolia Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers
Mongolia Mongol Daguur
Mongolia Khukh Lake
Mongolia Buir Lake
Mongolia Tashgain Tavan Lakes
Mongolia Ganga Lakes
Russia (Asian) Angara river source
Russia (Asian) Lower Tumen river
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna
Estonia Pakri
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Võrtsjärv
Russia (Central Asian) Siverga lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Kurlady 2
Russia (Central Asian) Nefed'yevo area and Chistogay lake
Azerbaijan Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay
Russia (Central Asian) Stekleney Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bykovo lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Krutali Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Intenis Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Myrkaj Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tishki Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Karataban Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tarutino Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koe, Krivoe and Zhuravlinoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Terenkul' and Gagar'e Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Kadkul', Alabuga and Tirikul' Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Achlikul' Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Presnoe and Okunevskoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kyzil-Chilik valley
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river
Russia (Central Asian) Sugoyak Lake
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (European) Karakulinskaya flood-plain
Russia (European) Valdajskoe Lake
Russia (European) Podozerskie open pits
Russia (Central Asian) Pesochnoe Lake
Russia (European) Khanskoye Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Lakat Island
Bulgaria Srebarna
Bulgaria Zhrebchevo Reservoir
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Garvansko Marsh
Bulgaria Malak Preslavets marsh
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Gorni Dabnik-Telish Reservoir
Armenia Metsamor
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Arjuzanx
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Mars sur Allier
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Boucle de Moisson
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux
France Etang du Bagnas
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Vallée de l'Aisne
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Kultansor and Tatysor Lakes
Russia (European) Marshes near Pavlovskoye Zaoch'ye and adjoining floodplain of Oka river
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake
Russia (European) Forest in the middle reaches of Serezha river
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Beloye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bakanzhul lake
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskaya anabranch (Irtysh flood-plain)
Russia (Central Asian) Kuisakskoye reservoir
Russia (Central Asian) Alabota lake
Russia (European) Oka valley in vicinity of Murmino
Russia (European) Okski Biosphere Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Belozerskaya flood-plain of river Tobol
Russia (Central Asian) Zingeika lake
Russia (Central Asian) Reservoir near river Sukhaya
Russia (European) Nothern part of Gor'koe reservoir with spurs
Russia (European) Floodplain of Moksha river and Common Crane autumn aggegation near villages Khohlikha and Shaprikha
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Peat pits in Volodarski and Balakhninski districts
Russia (Central Asian) Akman lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Mandesarskoye reservoir
Russia (Central Asian) Taezhno-Mikhaylovsky
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kaban'i lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'ko-Solenoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kamyshnoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Karamys lake
Russia (Central Asian) Solenoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Ubinskoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Butash and Gor'koye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Ata-Anay Lake
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Voshmigir dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Uzbekistan Aksay Lake and surrounding desert
Uzbekistan Aktepe Reservoir and Three Lakes
Uzbekistan Balykchi Fish Farm
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake
Uzbekistan Tuyabuguz Reservoir
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes
Turkmenistan Jarsay - Khangui
Russia (Central Asian) Peschanokoledinskaya
Turkmenistan Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun
Italy Venice lagoon
Austria Neusiedler See
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Turkmenistan Karabogaz
Turkmenistan Soltandag - Gyzylburun
Turkmenistan Khanguyy
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Ukraine Chornobyl zone
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Kazakhstan Balyktykol Lake
Kazakhstan Saumalkol Lake
Kazakhstan Shaglyteniz Lake and marshes
Sweden River Helge
Kazakhstan Topar Lake System
Kazakhstan Zharkol Lakes
Kazakhstan Akzhar Lakes
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Sweden Lake Skedviken
Kazakhstan Cherniy (Black) Irtysh Delta
Kazakhstan Markakol State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 9
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake
Kazakhstan Sarshyganak Lake
Kazakhstan Terenkol Lake
Kazakhstan Balykty Lake
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Mergen
Turkmenistan South Cheleken Bay
Italy Lake Viverone
Kazakhstan Kushum Lakes
Kazakhstan Sulukol Lake
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System
Netherlands Rijn: Heteren - Amerongen
Netherlands Haringvliet
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake
Syria Baath Lake
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta
Kazakhstan Lake Alakol Islands
Netherlands Gelderse Poort
Sweden Lake Lim
Turkey Karakaya Reservoir
Netherlands Biesbosch
Netherlands De Wieden
Turkey Burdur Lake
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Poland Pszczew Lakes and Obra River Valley
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Turkey Terkos Basin
Turkey Uluabat Lake
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Uusikaarlepyy archipelago
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Kukkiajärvi lake
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Russia (Central Asian) Saltosarayskoye lake
Netherlands Delta Coast
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Waal: Ewijk - Waardenburg
Bahrain Hawar Islands
Netherlands IJssel: IJsselkop - Ketelmeer
Netherlands Ketelmeer & Vossemeer
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Greece Lake Voulkaria
Germany Thülsfeld reservoir
Germany Ahlhorner fishponds
Germany Leine valley Koldingen-Ruthe
Germany Lengeder Teichgebiet
Germany Oker valley near Vienenburg
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Ismaninger Speichersee and fish ponds
Germany Schaalsee
Germany Seeburger See
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Großer and Kleiner Jasmunder Bodden with Schmachter See and Nonnensee
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Danube valley between Neuburg and Ingolstadt
Germany Schlei
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Untermain
Germany Elbe lowlands near Bertingen
Germany Rhine flats between mouth of Rench and mouth of Murg
Germany Rhine flats Elchesheim-Karlsruhe
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Ireland Lough Swilly including Blanket Nook and Inch Lake
Ireland Carlingford Lough
Ireland Malahide/ Broadmeadow Estuary
Ireland Dublin Bay
Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs
Ireland Lough Foyle
Uzbekistan Kattakurgan Reservoir
Luxembourg Haff Réimech
Kyrgyzstan Son-Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Kyrgyzstan Water reservation of Northern Chu Valley
Mongolia Zavkhan River - Ereen Lake
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Barycz river valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Poland Brzeszcze ponds
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Poland East Border Waters
Russia (Central Asian) Holes of the Karasuk river downstream
Russia (Central Asian) Baganskiye Lakes
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng
China (mainland) Bosten Lake
China (mainland) Lower reaches of Tarim River
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley
China (mainland) Tarim Euphrates Poplar Forest Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Aksu River basin
China (mainland) Xijin Reservoir
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Zambia Uningi Pans
Denmark Rønne Banke
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
South Africa Blesbokspruit
Russia (European) Utrish Reserve and adjacent coastal waters
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
Estonia Kolga bay
New Zealand Te Waihora
New Zealand Kahutara River
New Zealand Rakaia River
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Riksu coast
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Taarikõnnu-Kaisma
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Irbe strait
Turkmenistan Zeyit - Kelif
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Estonia Karula
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Greece Lake Doïrani
Greece Lake Pamvotida (Ioannina)
Estonia Lahemaa
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Kazakhstan Ushkol Lake
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan portion of the river Volga's Delta - Zhambay
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
China (mainland) Huanghua coast (Cangzhou)
Sweden Coastal area of Ystad – Hörte
Sweden Coastal area of Oskarshamn

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools major breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Oncorhynchus mykiss Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Competition, Reduced reproductive success

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Handicrafts, jewellery, etc. - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Podiceps cristatus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/10/2020.