LC
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 34,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 34,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.9 - - -

Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). This species has undergone a large and statistically significant increase over the last 40 years in North America (132% increase over 40 years, equating to a 23.4% increase per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Bahamas N Extant
Barbados N Extant
Belize N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Brazil V Extant Yes
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Cape Verde V Extant
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Ecuador N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
France V Extant
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Grenada N Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Nicaragua N Extant
Panama N Extant
Portugal V Extant
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Spain V Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Martin (to France) N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Jamaica Yallahs
Bahamas Great Inagua
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Bahamas Grog Pond
Bahamas Lucayan National Park
Bahamas Long Island and Hog Cay
Canada Lake Newell and Kitsim Reservoir
Canada Dowling Lake
Canada Muriel Lake
Canada Utikuma and Utikumasis Lakes
Canada Pakowki Lake
Canada Hays Reservoir
Canada Lac La Biche
Canada Pelican Lake (Alberta)
Canada McFadden Creek Heronry
Canada Tofino Mudflats
Canada Boundary Bay - Roberts Bank - Sturgeon Bank (Fraser River Estuary)
Canada Pacific Spirit Regional Park
Canada Sidney Channel
Canada Somenos Marsh Wildlife Refuge
Canada Holden Lake
Canada Little Qualicum Estuary to Nanoose Bay
Canada Baynes Sound
Canada Lambert Channel/Hornby Island Waters
Canada Creston Valley Wildlife Management Area
Canada Kaweenakumik Lake
Canada Sagemace and Coleman Bay Islands
Canada Lake St. Martin Islands
Canada Marshy Point
Canada Tabusintac Lagoon and River Estuary
Canada Pelee Island Archipelago
Canada Holiday Beach / Big Creek CA
Canada Luther Marsh
Canada Nottawasaga Island
Canada Chantry Island
Canada Île aux Loups Marins
Canada Baie de Gaspé
Canada Île aux Basques et Les Razades
Canada Île Blanche
Canada Îles Pèlerins
Canada Brandypot Islands
Canada Corossol Island
Canada Baie des Escoumins et Grandes-Bergeronnes
Canada Battures aux Loups Marins
Canada Île aux Hérons Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Canada Lac Saint-Louis et Îles-de-la-Paix
Canada Marais de Saint-Timothée
Canada Old Wives-Frederick Lakes
Canada Maple Creek Grasslands
Canada Nicolle Flats
Canada Valeport Marsh
Canada Greenwater Lake Provincial Park
Canada Lake Lenore
Canada Primrose Lake
Canada Suggi Lake
Canada Kazan Lake
Canada La Grande Île
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
St Vincent and the Grenadines La Soufrière National Park
Bahamas Booby Rocks and Pirates Bay
Bahamas Southern Great Lake
Bahamas Low Cay, High Cay and Sandy Hook
Bahamas South Beach Tidal Flats
Nicaragua Mombacho Volcano
Belize Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate
Belize Northeastern Belize
Belize Crooked Tree and associated wetlands
Dominican Republic Jaragua National Park
Belize Belize Coastal and near shore islands
Aruba (to Netherlands) Tierra del Sol Salina
Aruba (to Netherlands) Bubali Wetlands
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Antigua and Barbuda Bethesda Dam
Antigua and Barbuda Offshore Islands
St Lucia Point Sables
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Virgin Islands (to USA) Magens Bay
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Anguilla (to UK) Long Salt Pond
Jamaica Black River Great Morass
Cayman Islands (to UK) Central Mangrove Wetland
Virgin Islands (to USA) John Brewer's Bay
Bahamas Conception Island National Park
Mexico Pantanos de Centla
Jamaica Font Hill
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta-Cospita
Mexico Cuenca baja del Río Papagayo
Mexico Presa de Valsequillo
Mexico Estero Cardonal

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Ardea herodias. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/10/2020.