Great Antpitta Grallaria excelsa


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Christie, D. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

eBird. 2022. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [web application]. Ithaca, New York. eBird, Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available at: http://www.ebird.org.

Global Forest Watch. 2022. Interactive Forest Change Mapping Tool. Available at: http://www.globalforestwatch.org/.

Greeney, H. F. 2020. Great Antpitta (Grallaria excelsa), version 1.0. Ithaca, NY, USA. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.greant2.01.

Hansen, M.C., Potapov, P.V., Moore, R., Hancher, M., Turubanova, S.A., Tyukavina, A., Thau, D., Stehman, S.V., Goetz, S.J., Loveland, T.R., Kommareddy, A., Egorov, A., Chini, L., Justice, C.O. and Townshend, J.R.G. 2013. High-resolution global maps of 21st-century forest cover change. Science 342: 850-853.

Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. A&C Black, London.

Huang, R., Medina, W., Brooks, T. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Fitzpatrick, J. W., Hermes, C., Jenkins, C. N., Johnston, A., Lebbin, D. J., Li, B. V., Ocampo-Peñuela, N., Parr, M., Wheatley, H., Wiedenfeld, D., Wood, C., Pimm, S. L. 2021. Batch-produced, GIS-informed range maps for birds based on provenanced, crowd-sourced data to inform conservation assessments. PLoS ONE 16(11): e0259299.

Huber, O. and Alarcón, C. 1988. Mapa de la vegetación de Venezuela. Ministério del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables (División de Vegetación) and Nature Conservancy, Caracas.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 08 December 2022).

Kofoed, E. M., Auer, S. K. 2004. First description of the nest, eggs, young, and breeding behavior of the Great Antpitta (Grallaria excelsa). Wilson Bulletin 116(1): 105–108.

Meyer de Schauensee, R.; Phelps, W. H. 1978. A guide to the birds of Venezuela. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Ridgely, R.S.; Tudor, G. 1994. The Birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX, USA.

Santini, L., Isaac, N.J.B. and Ficetola, G.F. 2018. TetraDENSITY: A database of population density estimates in terrestrial vertebrates. Global Ecology and Biogeography 27: 787-791.

Sharpe, C.J.; Ascanio, D. 2015. Hormiguero tororoi excelso, Grallaria excelsa. In: Rodríguez, J.P., García-Rawlins, A. and Rojas-Suárez, F. (eds), Libro Rojo de la Fauna Venezolana. Cuarta edición, Provita & Fundación Empresas Polar, Caracas, Venezuela.

Stattersfield, A.J., Crosby, M.J., Long, A.J. and Wege, D.C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Grallaria excelsa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/12/2022.