Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Near Threatened A2bc+3bc+4bc
2016 Near Threatened A2bc+3bc+4bc
2012 Near Threatened A2bc+3bc+4bc
2008 Near Threatened A2b,c; A3b,c; A4b,c
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,910,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,990,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium estimated 2003
Population trend Decreasing medium estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 20-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 20-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: Rich et al. PIF North American Landbirds Conservation Plan (2004).

Trend justification: This species has undergone a large and statistically significant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (-63.8% decline over 40 years, equating to a -22.4% decline per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007). Declines have been particularly marked over the past 15 years (Buehler et al. 2007).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Barbados V Extant
Belize N Extant Yes Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
Canada N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant Yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
Dominican Republic N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
El Salvador N Extant Yes
French Polynesia V Extant
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Haiti N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago V Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
USA N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Colombia Valle de San Salvador
Colombia Cuchilla de San Lorenzo
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona
Colombia Valle del Río Frío
Colombia Cañón del Río Barbas y Bremen
Colombia Ciénaga de Ayapel
Colombia Selva de Florencia
Colombia Reserva Hidrográfica, Forestal y Parque Ecológico de Río Blanco
Colombia Reserva Biológica Cachalú
Cuba Cayos Romano - Cruz - Megano Grande
Cuba Alejandro de Humboldt
Canada Dundas Valley and Dundas Marsh
Canada Norfolk Forest Complex
Canada Carden Plain
Nicaragua El Jaguar
Nicaragua Mombacho Volcano
Nicaragua Murra
Nicaragua Prinzapolka/Alamikamba Rivers
Nicaragua Indio Maíz
Panama San San Pond Sak Wetlands
Panama Palo Seco Protection Forest
Panama Damani Wetlands
Panama Santa Clara
Panama Volcán Barú National Park
Panama Fortuna Forest Reserve
Panama El Chorogo-Palo Blanco
Panama Golfo de los Mosquitos Forests
Panama Santa Fé National Park
Panama Cerro Hoya National Park
Panama General de División Omar Torrijos Herrera National Park
Panama El Valle de Antón
Panama El Montuoso Forest Reserve
Panama San Lorenzo National Park
Panama Portobelo National Park
Panama Altos de Campana National Park
Panama Panama Canal West Bank
Panama Soberanía National Park
Panama Metropolitan Nature Park
Panama Chagres National Park
Panama Serranía de Majé
Panama Narganá Wildlands Area
Panama Darién National Park
Nicaragua Miraflor
Nicaragua Bluefields Bay and adjacent landscape
Nicaragua Arenal Hill
Nicaragua Esperanza Verde
Nicaragua Quirragua Mountains and adjacent landscape
Nicaragua Bosawas
Belize Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate
Belize Maya Mountains and southern reserves
Colombia Bosques del Oriente de Risaralda
Colombia Chicoral
Colombia Serranía de San Lucas
Colombia Serranía de las Quinchas
Colombia Reserva Forestal Yotoco
Honduras Rio Platano
Honduras Tawahka
Honduras Parque Nacional Patuca
Honduras Pico Bonito
Honduras Güisayote
Honduras Celaque
Honduras Sierra de Omao - Cusuco
Honduras La Tigra
Honduras Comayagua
Honduras Cerro Azul Meambar
Honduras Montaña de Yoro
Honduras Sierra de Agalta
Honduras La Muralla and surrounding area
Honduras Jeanette Kawas
Honduras Cuero y Salado
Honduras Laguna Caratasca
Colombia Bosque de San Antonio/Km 18
Colombia Soatá
USA New River Corridor
USA Roan Mountain
USA Amphibolites
USA Cumberland Mountains
USA Southern Blue Ridge
Colombia Agua de la Virgen
Colombia Cerro La Judía
Colombia Cafetales de Támesis

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations - Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Hybridisation, Competition, Reduced reproductive success

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Vermivora chrysoptera. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/01/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/01/2023.