LC
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 20 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,350,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,430,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common in north-western and southern Somalia, locally common in Kenya and Tanzania and uncommon in southern Sudan (del Hoyo et al. 2004).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Ethiopia N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Oman V Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa V Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Zimbabwe V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Ethiopia Bogol Manyo - Dolo
Ethiopia Dawa - Wachile
Ethiopia Liben plains and Negele woodlands
Ethiopia Lower Wabi Shebelle river and Warder
Kenya Lake Baringo
Kenya Lower Tana River Forests
Kenya Meru National Park
Kenya Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves
Kenya Shaba National Reserve
Kenya Tana River Delta
Kenya Tsavo East National Park
Kenya Tsavo West National Park
Somalia Arbowerow
Somalia Balcad Nature Reserve
Somalia Boja swamps
Somalia Boorama plains
Somalia Buulobarde
Somalia Far Waamo
Somalia Gacan Libaax
Somalia Jasiira lagoon and Muqdisho islets
Somalia Jowhar - Warshiikh
Somalia Laag Badaana
Somalia Laag Dheere
Somalia Saylac
Somalia Xawaadley reservoir
South Sudan Bandingilo
South Sudan Boma
South Sudan Kidepo
Tanzania Arusha National Park and vicinity
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Tanzania Mkomazi Game Reserve
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Tanzania Nyumba ya Mungu reservoir
Tanzania Ruaha National Park
Tanzania Tarangire National Park
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Savanna Dry major breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Subarctic suitable breeding
Shrubland Subarctic suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 1800 m

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Tmetothylacus tenellus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/12/2019.