Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 140,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 139,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 85000-160000 poor inferred 2021
Population trend Stable inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16.3 - - -

Population justification: The Partners in Flight Science Committee (2020a) estimate the global population to be 130,000 individuals, which equates to approximately 87,100 mature individuals. The European population is estimated at 9,600-12,800 pairs, which equates to 19,200-25,600 mature individuals (BirdLife International in prep.). Europe forms approximately 16% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 120,000-160,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population is placed in the band 85,000-160,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: This species has had stable population trends over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count; Butcher and Niven 2007; Partners in Flight 2020b). In Europe the population size is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International in prep.), however given that the European population constitutes a small proportion of the global population the overall trend is considered stable.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes Yes
Belgium V Extant
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Canada N Extant Yes Yes Yes Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus V Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extinct Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait V Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Malta V Extant
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands V Extant
Niger N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) V Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes Yes Yes Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
North Macedonia Kozhuf mountain and Boshava river
North Macedonia Demir Kapija Gorge
North Macedonia River Crna gorge
North Macedonia River Bregalnica
North Macedonia Babuna gorge, Topolka gorge, and Crn Kamen
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Montenegro Durmitor
Georgia Ritsa
Azerbaijan Mount Babadag
Azerbaijan Mount Bazar-Duzu
Azerbaijan Mount Dalidag
Azerbaijan Mount Giamysh
Azerbaijan Mount Ilandag
Azerbaijan Ilisu area
Azerbaijan Ismailly area
Azerbaijan Mugan steppe
Azerbaijan Shahbuz area
Azerbaijan Mount Shahdag
Azerbaijan Zuvand upland
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa
Estonia Soomaa
Estonia Puhatu mire
Estonia Mouth of the Emajõgi river and Piirissaar island
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Mangene forest
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos
Portugal Sabôr and Maçãs
Portugal Côa valley
Bulgaria Lomovete
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Krumovitza
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Madzharovo
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Rodnei Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Retezat Mountains
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Turkey Uludağ
Turkey Murat Mountain
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains [incl Karcal Mountains]
Turkey Aladağlar
Turkey Nemrut Volcano
Palestine Jebel Al-Ras - Wadi Al-Makhrour
Sweden Tavvavouma
Sweden Påkketan
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Sweden River Klingaälv – Lake Kranke
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Tatra mountains
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Pisz forest
Greece Thrypti and Orno mountains, Crete
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas), Crete
Greece Mount Idi, Crete
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Mount Parnitha
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Lower Kalamas gorge
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece Lakes Vegoritis and Petron
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Kedros and Kourtaliotiko gorge, Crete
Greece Mount Peristeri
Greece Mount Kryoneritis, Crete
Greece Mount Zakrou, Crete
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Echinades, Kalamos and Atokos islands
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Artemisio and Lyrkeio mountains
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Greece Northern Syros
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Paramythia mountains
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Lake Amvrakia
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Litokaira
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Hungary Csanád Pusztas
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Sakmara river
Russia (European) Budnyanski mire
Russia (European) Vodlozero
Russia (European) Kvarkush and Zolotoy Kamen' ridges
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Caucasus Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Nerussa - Desna woodland
Russia (European) Pechoro-Ilychski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Polisto-Lovatskaya mire system
Russia (European) Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas
Russia (European) Voronezhski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Voroninski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Tsninski Forest
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Kraka Mountain
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Vad river
Russia (European) Sengileyevskiye mountain
Russia (European) Kumikushski wetland
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range
Spain Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges
Spain Mountain ranges of Cordoba
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges
Spain Aldeaquemada-Dañador
Spain Madrona and Andújar mountain ranges
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba
Spain Moratalla mountain range
Spain Marina mountain ranges
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons
Spain Turia canyon and Los Serranos
Spain Peñagolosa
Spain Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain
Spain Montsant and Prades mountains
Spain Montes Universales-Albarracín mountain range
Spain River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range
Spain Moncayo mountain range
Spain Lower course of the river Huerva
Spain Valdurrios-Serreta Negra and Los Rincones mountain ranges
Spain Zuera mountains
Spain Montsech and Montgai mountains
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Oturia-Canciás
Spain Guara mountain range
Spain Santo Domingo-Riglos-Gratal
Spain Alt Pallars
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa
Spain Panticosa-Vignemale-Tendeñera
Spain Collarada-Telera
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho
Spain Dos Ríos and Orba mountain ranges
Spain Bardenas Reales
Spain Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera
Spain Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges
Spain Central Badajoz mountain ranges
Spain San Pedro mountain range
Spain Cijara reservoir
Spain Las Villuercas mountain range
Spain Monfragüe
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros
Spain Alcudia valley and mountain range
Spain River Mundo and river Segura canyons
Spain Canyons on the middle section of the Cabriel river
Spain Cuenca mountain ranges
Spain Entrepeñas and Buendía reservoirs
Spain Ayllón mountain range
Spain Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias
Spain Arlanza Valley-Peñas de Cervera
Spain Tiermes-Caracena
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges
Spain Arribes del Duero-Fermoselle
Spain Obarenes mountains
Spain Oña and Tesla mountain ranges
Spain Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons
Spain Humada-Peña Amaya
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor
Spain Valdegovía-Arcena mountain range
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains
Spain Ricote and Nevela mountain ranges
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges
Spain Montagut and Montmell mountains
Spain Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains
Spain Alange
Spain Fresser-Setcases
Spain Sant Gervás mountains
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes
Spain Lerida steppes
Spain La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range)
Spain Sobrón canyon
Spain La Demanda mountains
Spain Alcarama mountain and Alhama river
Spain Izki mountains
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain Talamanca-Camarma
Spain Guadalentín saltmarshes
Spain La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope
Spain Pila mountain range
Spain Muela mountain range and Cape Tiñoso
Spain Gistreo and Coto mountain ranges
Spain Riaño
Spain Quipar reservoir, Molino mountain range and Cagitán plains
Spain La Cabrera mountain range
Spain Montes Aquilanos range
Spain Tierra de Campiñas steppes
Spain Río Huebra-Arribes del Duero
Spain Peña de Francia
Spain Duratón canyon
Spain River Lobos canyon
Spain Northern slope of Guadarrama mountain range
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains
Spain Gádor mountain range
Spain María mountain range-Los Vélez
Spain Mountain ranges south of Jaén
Spain Hoya de Guadix
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada
Spain Mountain ranges of Ronda, Bermeja and Crestellina
Spain Antequera mountain range-El Chorro
Spain Sierra Morena de Sevilla
Spain Sierra Pelada mountain range
Spain Monegrillo-Pina steppe area-Pina
Spain Los Monegros (South)
Spain Belchite-Mediana
Spain River Guadalope
Spain River Jalón canyon
Spain East Gata mountain range
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita
Spain Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano
Spain Cedillo reservoir
Spain Azuaga-Llerena-Peraleda de Zaucejo
Spain Puerto de Mejoral-Almorchón-Cabeza del Buey
Spain Siruela-Agudo
Spain Lower course of the river Matarraña-Ribarroja
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges
Spain Upper sections of the rivers Tajo and Tajuña
Spain River Mesa canyons
Spain Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges
Spain Enguera mountain range-La Canal de Navarrés
Spain Alcubierre and Sigena mountain ranges
Spain Sierra de Aracena
Spain Las Contiendas mountain range
Ukraine Kryva peninsula
Ukraine Kanivs'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Forests in Dnipro and Desna valleys
France Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles
France Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau
France Eth Turoun des Aureys
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Rive Gauche de la Vallée d'Aspe et Pic d'Anie
France Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin.
France Pic de l'Estibet et Mondragon
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria
France Forêts domaniales de Corse
France Vallée d'Asco
France Vallée de la Restonica
France Vallée du Régino
France Vallée du Verghello
France Hautes Corbières
France Basses Corbières
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Puig Carlit et environs
France Minervois
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Montagnes de Marcou, de l'Espinouse et du Caroux
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Cirque de Gavarnie
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier
France Zones rupestres du Tarasconnais et massif d'Aston
France Gorges de la Frau et Belestat
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Plateau de Valensole
France Bois des Ayes
France Bois du Chapitre
France Bec de Crigne
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Forêt de Saou
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Parc National de la Vanoise
France Montagne des Frêtes et plateau des Glières
France Les Bauges
France Haut Giffre
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Col de l'Escrinet
United Kingdom Abernethy Forest
United Kingdom Assynt Lochs
United Kingdom Beinn Dearg
United Kingdom Ben Alder
United Kingdom Ben Wyvis
United Kingdom Caenlochan
United Kingdom Cairngorms
United Kingdom Glen Affric to Strathconon
United Kingdom Creag Meagaidh
United Kingdom Drumochter Hills
United Kingdom Glen Tanar
United Kingdom West Inverness-shire Lochs
United Kingdom Inverpolly, Loch Urigill and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Lewis Peatlands
United Kingdom Loch Maree
United Kingdom Loch Shin and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Loch Stack, Loch Nam Brac and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Lochnagar
United Kingdom Mingulay and Berneray
United Kingdom North Harris Mountains
United Kingdom North Inverness Lochs
United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands
United Kingdom Rum
United Kingdom Rinns of Islay
United Kingdom The Oa
United Kingdom Cuillins
United Kingdom Cnuic Agus Cladach Mhuile
United Kingdom Park, Lewis
United Kingdom Rois-Bheinn
United Kingdom Atholl/Glen Tilt
Italy Madonie
Italy Nebrodi
Italy Mount Sette Fratelli and Sarrabus
Italy Orosei Gulf, Supramonte and Gennargentu
Italy Pollino
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Matese
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains
Italy Cicolano
Italy Gran Sasso d'Italia
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Lucretili mountains
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Laga mountains
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Carniche Alps
Italy Belluno Dolomites
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Grigne
Italy Camonica valley
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Ligurian Alps
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Val Grande
Italy Anzasca and Antrona valleys
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Picentini mountains
Italy Costa Viola
Italy Alpi Apuane
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Furlo gorge and Mount Catria
Italy Mount Pecoraro and Pizzo Cirina
Italy Rocca Busambra
Italy Mounts Orsomarso and Verbicaro
Italy Agri Valley
Italy Mount Grappa
Italy Sicani mountains
Italy Assa valley
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Italy Giulie Pre-Alps
Italy Monte Rosa (Valle d'Aosta side)
Italy Dolomites
Albania Lura
Albania Vlora Bay, Karaburun Peninsula and Cika mountain
Albania Thethi
Poland Slowinska Site
Denmark Tystrup-Bavelse Søerne
Denmark Lille Vildmose
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Meskheti
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Tatry
Slovakia Veľká Fatra
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Chočské hills
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Poľana
Slovakia Levočské hills
Slovakia Spišská Magura
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolické hills
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Derdap gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Norway Hardangervidda
Norway Dovrefjell
Norway Havmyran
Norway Alta-Kautokeino watercourse
Norway Sør-Fugløy
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Augstmatthorn
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Simplon region
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Piora - Dötra
Switzerland Generoso mountain
Turkey Kızılcahamam Forests
Sweden Tärnan – Riala
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Mangfall mountains and Rotwand area
Germany Simonswald-Rohrhardsberg
Croatia Mt Dinara
Croatia Cetina River
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Middle Dalmatian Islands and Peljesac Penninsula
Croatia Mount Velebit
Croatia Prvic island
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Turkey Marmara Islands
Turkey Bolkar Mountains
Russia (European) Yugyd Va
Russia (European) Zilairskoye Prisakmar'ye
Russia (European) Ufimskoye plateau
Russia (European) Kaltasinski forest
Russia (European) Pavlovskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Shaitan-Tau ridge
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Ai river
Russia (European) Tazlarovskiye hills
Russia (European) Uryuk
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river
Russia (European) Vicinity of the Vozhe lake and Charonda marshes
Russia (European) Samurski ridge
Russia (European) Orota depression
Russia (European) Ivinski flood-plain (Verkhnesvirskoye reservoir)
Russia (European) Andreyaul'ski reserve
Russia (European) Watershead of Kama and Porysh rivers
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Oktyabr'ski forest
Russia (European) Irendyk ridge
Russia (European) Maly Nakas ridge
Belarus Balota Dzikoje
Belarus Polesie Reserve
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Chavanščyna
Belarus Voronichskiy ostrov
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Cikiny astravy
Belarus Dražbitka-Svina
Belarus Janka river floodplain
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Lavassaare
Estonia Muraka
Estonia Ohepalu
Estonia Põhja-Kõrvemaa
Estonia Tudu
Estonia Tuhu-Kesu
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Sirtsi
Estonia Taarikõnnu-Kaisma
Russia (European) Alaniya National Park
Russia (European) Outskirts of Kislovodsk
Russia (Central Asian) Korgonskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Pine forest at village Zverinogolovskoe
Russia (Central Asian) Redut' pine forest
Russia (Central Asian) Nizhnechumyshskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Middle reaches of the Chulym river
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of headwaters of the river Schuchya
Russia (Central Asian) Natural reserve Kuznetskij Alatau
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river between mouths of the Uya and Ubagan rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of the Berd' river
Russia (Central Asian) Vaganovskaya
Russia (European) Nizhnekamskaya flood-plain
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land
Russia (European) Birskaya flood-plain of river Belaya
Russia (European) Mishkinski forest
Russia (European) Pizhemski reserve
Russia (European) Karakulinskaya flood-plain
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Ir valley
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhneoschskaya
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Kamenski Bair
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Portugal Gerês mountains
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão
Portugal Upper River Tejo
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões
Portugal Castro Verde plains
Armenia Gndasar
Armenia Gorayk
Armenia Haghartsin
Armenia Jermook
Armenia Meghri
Armenia Noravank
Armenia Zangezoor
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Massif des Albères
France Plaine des Maures
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Russia (European) Forest in the middle reaches of Serezha river
Russia (Central Asian) Gornaya Kolyvan'
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Algashka river (Kirsko-Algashinskaya)
Russia (Central Asian) Molebny Kamen' ridge
Russia (Central Asian) Poyasovy Kamen' ridge
Russia (Central Asian) Talduair mountain
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (European) Forests and bogs in the lower reaches of Bol'shaya Kaksha river
Russia (European) Nothern part of Gor'koe reservoir with spurs
Russia (Central Asian) Dzhulukul' depression
Russia (Central Asian) Plateau Ukok
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhne-Kondinsky zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers
Canada McGregor Lake and Travers Reservoir
Canada Whitford and Rush Lakes
Canada Chappice Lake
Canada Oak Lake/Plum Lakes Area
Canada Beamer Conservation Area
Canada Holiday Beach / Big Creek CA
Canada Tadoussac
Canada Grande Rivière de la Baleine
Canada Petite Rivière de la Baleine
Canada Rivers of the Lac Guillaume-Delisle Basin
Canada Rivière Nastapoka
Canada Big Muddy Lake (and surroundings)
Canada Grasslands National Park (west)
Canada South Saskatchewan River (Empress to Lancer Ferry)
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Jordan Burqu'
Jordan Dana
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum
Saudi Arabia At-Tubayq
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Bulgaria Persenk
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Kazakhstan Upper Charyn
Kazakhstan Cherdoyak
Turkmenistan Koytendag
Turkmenistan Sumbar
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Kazakhstan Mugodzhary
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Kazakhstan North-western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau
Italy Tarvisio forest and Giulie pre-alps
Portugal River Guadiana
Kazakhstan Western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau
Turkmenistan Ersarybaba - Akkyr
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Carniche pre-Alps
Italy Lagorai mountains
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Karwendel
Kazakhstan Kaundy Depression
Kazakhstan Basgurly-Zhazgurly Depression
Ukraine Chornobyl zone
Ukraine Desna river part of National Nature Park "Desnyans'ko-Staroguts'kyj"
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Ukraine Vodorazdil'ni i Zovnishni Gorgany
Ukraine Buzhok river valley (Anastavtsi)
Ukraine Komisarovskyj Forest
Kazakhstan Aktau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range
Italy Rhaetian Alps
Sweden Muddus
Sweden Bog of Dumme
Kazakhstan Ulytau Mountains
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve
Italy Alto Garda Bresciano
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Gorce mountains
Kazakhstan Alekseevskie steppe pine forests
Kazakhstan Iskrinskie Pine Forests
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Ortau upland massif
Kazakhstan Western edge of the Karakoyin and Zhetikonyr Sands
Kazakhstan Middle reaches of the Sarysu River
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Sarysu River
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube
Russia (European) Alagirskoye i Kurtatinskoye ravines (Severo-Osetinski (North Osetin) Nature Reserve)
Russia (European) Right coast of Malaya Laba River
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers
Russia (European) Kosobo-Kelebski reserve
Russia (European) Buinakskaya depression
Russia (European) Baksanskoye ravine
Russia (European) Verkhnechegemskaya depression
Russia (European) Chegemskoye ravine
Russia (European) Khulamskoye ravine
Russia (European) Sources of Kuma river
Russia (European) Ravine of Eshkakon river
Russia (European) Marinskaya cuesta of Skalisti ridge
Russia (European) Digoriya rocks
Russia (European) Malka river ravine
Russia (European) Sources of Khudes river
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Pilica River Valley
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Slonne Mountains
Kazakhstan Arkaly Mountains
Kazakhstan Karabas Mountains
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau
Kazakhstan Eastern Kazakhstan uplands
Turkmenistan Garashor
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan
Russia (European) Kebyaktepe ridge
Russia (European) Tlyaratinski reserve
Russia (European) Gunibskoye plateau
Italy Val d'Ossola
Russia (European) Priel'brus'ye National Park
Russia (European) Targimskaya intermountain
Russia (European) Shanskoye ravine
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Italy Monte Rosa (versante valdostano) ed Alta Val Sesia
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Kazakhstan Manyrak Mountains
Turkey Buzul and İkiyaka Mountains
Turkey Munzur Mountains
Russia (Central Asian) Charyshskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Aleyskaya
Slovenia Jelovica plateau
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Russia (Central Asian) Krasnoschekovskaya
Slovenia Rocky faces of Posavsko hribovje
Slovenia Grintovci
Turkey Bolkar mountain
United Kingdom Glen Etive and Glen Fyne
United Kingdom Moidart and Ardgour
United Kingdom Foinaven
Croatia Mount Biokovo and Rilic
Croatia Gorski Kotar and Northern Lika
Croatia Mount Ucka and Cicarija
Croatia Kvarner Islands
Finland Kevo
Italy Pollino and Orsomarso
Italy Peloritani mountains
Italy Mount Arcosu
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains
North Macedonia River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica
North Macedonia River Raec valley
North Macedonia Taor Gorge
North Macedonia Osogovo Mountains
North Macedonia River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka
North Macedonia Jakupica Mountain
North Macedonia Boshavija
North Macedonia Lake Tikvesh
North Macedonia Mariovo
Russia (European) Watershed of Kazanka and Shoshma rivers
Russia (European) Prisyun'ski forest
Russia (European) Bylinskaya
Russia (European) Ul'skoye bog
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany High alps of Allgäu
Germany Eastern Chiemgau Alps
Germany Wetterstein mountain range
Germany Central Black Forest
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa
Romania Defileul Crişului Repede - Iadului valley
Romania Călimani Mountains
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
United Kingdom Central Highland Hills and Glens
United Kingdom Loch Maree and Nearby Lochs and Mountains
United Kingdom Rois-bheinn
Kyrgyzstan Son-Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Alai
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river
Poland Poprad Site
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Chokpak Pass
Poland Oswin site
Poland Augustów forest
Kazakhstan Zhylandy Lake
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Kazakhstan Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Babia Gora Mountain
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Kazakhstan Balykty Lake
Poland Vistula Spit
Poland Hel Peninsula
Kazakhstan Zhusandala
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge
Slovenia Banjšice plateau
Slovenia Breginjski Stol
Slovenia Karavanke
Slovenia Karst
Slovenia Pohorje
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Kazakhstan Assy Plateau
Kazakhstan Toraygyr Ridge
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Amankaragay Forest
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Kazakhstan Zhaltyr Lake
Kazakhstan Sorbalyk-Maybalyk Lake System
United Kingdom Jura, Scarba and the Gravellachs
United Kingdom Grampian Mountains
Russia (Central Asian) Kunovatski
Yemen Jabal Bura
Norway Øvre Forra
Denmark Parts of Randers and Mariager Fjords
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Estonia Kikepera
Croatia Mount Mosor, Kozjak and Trogir Hinterland
Serbia Pester
Serbia Golija
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Morocco Plage Blanche - Ras Takoumba
Estonia Koigi
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Greece Valia Kalda (Pindos National Forest Park)
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Estonia Lahemaa
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Saumalkol Lake
Kazakhstan Balyktykol Lake
Kazakhstan Tassuat Lake
Kazakhstan Ayak-Bestau Hills
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Zhagalbayly and Tuyemoynak Hills
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Turkmenistan Sarygamysh
Turkmenistan Goyungyrlan
Turkmenistan Akjagaya
Turkmenistan Badhyz
Turkmenistan Garachop
Turkmenistan Uzboy
Serbia Ozren-Jadovnik
Serbia Zlatibor

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable resident
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Temperate major resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 6200 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations - Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Droughts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem conversion
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases - Unspecified species Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Reduced reproductive success
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Indirect ecosystem effects
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Aquila chrysaetos. Downloaded from on 01/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 01/12/2022.