LC
Goldcrest Regulus regulus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 51,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 50,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 98000000-164999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: The breeding population in Europe is estimated at 20,000,000-37,000,000 pairs, which equates to 40,100,000-74,100,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 45% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 98,000,000-165,000,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Ponor
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Rodnei Mountains
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia Karst
Poland Pisz forest
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Spain Las Vueltas, Aguas Negras and Quebradas mountains
Spain Tigaiga slope
Spain San Andrés, Pijaral and Anaga mountains
Spain Las Mercedes, Mina y Yedra, Aguirre, La Goleta and Pedro Alvarez mountains
Spain Mountain of Agua, gully of Los Cochinos and gully of Cuevas Negras
Spain Santa Trsula and La Victoria laurel forest
Spain Arico pine woodland
Spain Vilaflor pine woodland
Spain Step rocks of Hermigua and Agulo
Spain Garajonay National Park
Spain La Palma laurel forest
Spain La Caldera de Taburiente National Park
Spain El Canal y Los Tiles laurel forest
Spain Ventejís mountain
Spain Frontera laurel forest
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Lyman lake
France Marais de Sacy
Italy Val Grande
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Aspromonte
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Horná Orava
Slovakia Tríbeč
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Montenegro Biogradska woods
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Forest Boreal major non-breeding
Forest Boreal major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Altitude 0 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Regulus regulus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/01/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/01/2023.